Björn Andreassen

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The addition of ovine prolactin (oPRL) to the fetal side of human term amnion in vitro is associated with a decrease in membrane permeability to tritiated water (THO). As the concentration of oPRL is increased from 2.5 to 20.0 micrograms per milliliter, permeability is progressively impaired. The addition of a specific prolactin receptor antibody completely(More)
Alterations in plasma prolactin (PRL) concentrations in response to nursing in puerperally lactating women are often significant beyond the 90th postpartum day, yet the increment appears unrelated to the frequency or duration of the nursing stimulus. Tonic gonadotropin secretion is low, assuming a more episodic secretory pattern either when the frequency of(More)
Concentrations of prolactin in amniotic fluid, fetal plasma, and maternal plasma were determined in 34 rhesus monkeys delivered by hysterotomy under general anesthesia at gestational ages of 110 to 160 days (term, 165 days). Included were 15 cases (gestational ages 110 to 143 days) in which the mothers received 2 mg of betamethasone intramuscularly daily(More)
To gain further insight into the mechanisms of postpartum infertility, plasma gonadotropins, prolactin, estradiol, and progesterone were measured following either iv LHRH or im menopausal gonadotropins (Pergonal) to postpartum women. Plasma estradiol and progesterone rose significantly between 24-72 hours following hMG injection. The response was similar in(More)
The elevation of endogenous prolactin secretion using thyrotopin releasing hormone was associated with significant increases in mammary milk production in postpartum women. More-over, a specific effect was seen on the percent fat composition which has been shown to rise as much as 228% over pretest conditions. As in the bovine, administration of high doses(More)
In a further evaluation of the use of oral thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in puerperally lactating women, a radioimmunoassay for its measurement has been developed. Its concentration in plasma as well as that of prolactin (PRL), thyrotropin (TSH) and thyroxine (T4) were measured following either intravenous or oral administration of TRH. Basal(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND The purpose of this work was to reveal the research interest value of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in visualizing the induced tissue activity post high-energy photon radiation treatment. More specifically, the focus was on the possibility of retrieving data such as tissue composition and physical half-lives from(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate in vivo verification of radiation treatment with high energy photon beams using PET/CT to image the induced positron activity. The measurements of the positron activation induced in a preoperative rectal cancer patient and a prostate cancer patient following 50 MV photon treatments are presented. A total dose of(More)
PURPOSE Since the first publications on intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in the early 1980s almost all efforts have been focused on fairly time consuming dynamic or segmental multileaf collimation. With narrow fast scanned photon beams, the flexibility and accuracy in beam shaping increases, not least in combination with fast penumbra trimming(More)
The present thesis is focused on the development and application of narrow scanned high energy photon beams for radiation therapy. The introduction of physically and biologically optimized intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) requires a flexible and accurate dose delivery method to maximize the treatment outcome. Narrow scanned photon beams is a(More)
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