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How the brain mediates general anesthesia is not known. We report that two interconnected structures in the forebrain, the medial septum and the hippocampus, participate in maintaining awareness and movements during general anesthesia. In the awake, freely behaving rat, inactivation of the medial septum or the hippocampus by local injection of a GABA(A)(More)
During slow-wave sleep (SWS) following periods of spatial activity, hippocampal place cells that were temporally correlated, by virtue of the overlap of their place fields, exhibit enhanced temporal correlations, even though the animal sleeps in a different location (Wilson and McNaughton [1994] Science 267:676-679). The discharge of cells with overlapped(More)
The participation of GABA(B) receptors in hippocampal EEG generation was studied by intracerebroventricular (icv) and intracerebral infusions of GABA(B) receptor antagonist p-(3-aminopropyl)-p-diethoxymethyl-phosphinic acid (CGP35348) in freely behaving rats. During awake-immobility, icv CGP35348 induced a theta rhythm and increased gamma waves (30-100 Hz)(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) of the basal dendritic population excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) in hippocampal CA1 was readily elicited in behaving rats, without afterdischarges (ADs), by theta-frequency-patterned primed bursts (PBs) delivered to the contralateral CA1. A long-lasting postictal potentiation (PIP) was also elicited by high-frequency(More)
1. We recorded the extracellular excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in CA1 in the freely behaving rats after stimulation of the apical dendritic and basal dendritic afferents. The apical dendritic population EPSP was negative at the apical dendritic layers and positive at stratum oriens and alveus. The basal dendritic population EPSP was negative at(More)
The involvement of the septohippocampal system on the impaired sensorimotor gating induced by phencyclidine (PCP) or by an electrically induced hippocampal seizure was examined in behaving rats. An impaired sensorimotor gating, measured by prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response, was observed following a hippocampal afterdischarge (AD) or(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) at the basal-dendritic synapses of CA1 pyramidal cells was induced by a single 200 Hz stimulation train (0.5-1 sec duration) in freely behaving rats during one of four behavioral states: awake-immobility (IMM), walking, slow-wave sleep (SWS), and rapid eye movement sleep (REM). Field EPSPs generated by basal-dendritic excitation(More)
To test the hypothesis that GABA(B) receptor efficacy in the behaving rat decreases after partial hippocampal kindling, we measured GABA(B) receptor efficacy by the number of wet dog shakes (WDSs) induced by baclofen (5mM in 0.2muL of saline) infusion into the dorsal hippocampus; these WDSs were blocked by prior infusion of GABA(B) receptor antagonist(More)
The objective of this project was to study the behavioral and physiological effects at 6-9 weeks after evoking 15 afterdischarges (ADs) in hippocampal CA1 (partial hippocampal kindling). Rats were trained on the open radial arm maze (RAM) with all eight arms baited, kindled, and then tested again on the RAM, followed by in vitro recordings at 8-9 weeks(More)
The performance of rats that were partially kindled in the hippocampus was assessed on an 8-arm radial arm maze with 4 baited arms. In rats first trained and then kindled, deficits were found on a place task in which rats reached the goal arms of the maze using salient extramaze spatial cues, but not on an intramaze cue task in which rats reached the goal(More)