Learn More
Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is a ubiquitous mechanism that is mediated by distinct SOC channels, ranging from the highly selective calcium release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channel in rat basophilic leukemia and other hematopoietic cells to relatively Ca2+-selective or non-selective SOC channels in other cells. Although the exact composition of these(More)
Store depletion induces STIM1 to aggregate and relocate into clusters at ER-plasma membrane junctions where it functionally interacts with and activates plasma membrane channels that mediate store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). Thus, the site of peripheral STIM1 clusters is critical for the regulation of SOCE. However, what determines the location of the(More)
The mechanism(s) involved in regulation of store operated calcium entry in Darier's disease (DD) is not known. We investigated the distribution and function of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) in epidermal skin cells. DD patients demonstrated up-regulation of TRPC1, but not TRPC3, in the squamous layers. Ca2+ influx was significantly higher in(More)
Agonist-induced Ca(2+) entry via store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) channels is suggested to regulate a wide variety of cellular functions, including salivary gland fluid secretion. However, the molecular components of these channels and their physiological function(s) are largely unknown. Here we report that attenuation of SOC current underlies salivary gland(More)
Ca(2+) is a major signaling molecule in both excitable and non-excitable cells, where it serves critical functions ranging from cell growth to differentiation to cell death. The physiological functions of these cells are tightly regulated in response to changes in cytosolic Ca(2+) that is achieved by the activation of several plasma membrane (PM) Ca(2+)(More)
Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) regulates critical cellular functions and is determined by precise ER/plasma membrane (PM) junctional interactions. Here we have assessed the effect of hypotonic cell volume increase on SOCE in a salivary gland epithelial cell line (HSG). Thapsigargin (Tg) activated a 2APB- and 1microM Gd(3+)-sensitive, inwardly(More)
Neurotransmitter regulation of salivary fluid secretion is mediated by activation of Ca(2+) influx. The Ca(2+)-permeable transient receptor potential canonical 1 (TRPC1) channel is crucial for fluid secretion. However, the mechanism(s) involved in channel assembly and regulation are not completely understood. We report that Caveolin1 (Cav1) is essential for(More)
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is activated by redistribution of STIM1 into puncta in discrete ER-plasma membrane junctional regions where it interacts with and activates store-operated channels (SOCs). The factors involved in precise targeting of the channels and their retention at these specific microdomains are not yet defined. Here we report that(More)
Calcium is a ubiquitous signaling molecule, indispensable for cellular metabolism of organisms from unicellular life forms to higher eukaryotes. The biological function of most eukaryotic cells is uniquely regulated by changes in cytosolic calcium, which is largely achieved by the universal phenomenon of store-operated calcium entry (SOCE). The canonical(More)
Helminth parasites cause persistent infections in humans and yet many infected individuals are asymptomatic. Neurocysticercosis (NCC), a disease of the central nervous system (CNS) caused by the cestode Taenia solium, has a long asymptomatic phase correlated with an absence of brain inflammation. However, the mechanisms of immune suppression remain poorly(More)