Biswakesh Mazumdar

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Six chloralose-urethane anesthetized dogs (23 +/- 2 kg) underwent median thoracotomy (open pleural spaces) and constant mechanical ventilation with O2. We conducted measurements at baseline and during 25 min of ventilation with 3.3 cmH2O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP3) or 10.7 cmH2O PEEP (PEEP 11), including breath-by-breath values in the first 2(More)
To test how large pulmonary embolism changes non-steady state CO2 kinetics, the right pulmonary artery (RPA) was occluded in 5 anesthetized, ventilated, thoracotomized dogs. By 1 min after RPA occlusion, CO2 volume exhaled per breath (VCO2,br) decreased from 9.3 +/- 2.8 to 7.0 +/- 2.6 ml and end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) decreased from 28.7 +/- 4.2 to 21.8 +/-(More)
Endovascular balloon occlusion has become a standard mode of therapy in carotid cavernous fistulas. Many angioarchitectural variations are, however, encountered in individual cases, some of which influence the therapeutic mode and outcome. We report on three patients with carotid cavernous fistulas treated by endovascular techniques.
The sidestream capnogram is delayed behind real time by transport delay (TD; time to aspirate gas through the sampling tubing) and by the dynamic response (DR) of the measurement cuvette. In six capnometers, we measured TD and DR by plunging the end of the sample tubing into a flask containing CO2 and then digitally analyzing the capnogram. TD ranged from(More)
Patients with severe pulmonary embolism can suffer progressive hypercapnia refractory to supramaximal mechanical ventilation, and may require open-thoracic or transvenous emergency embolectomy in addition to anticoagulation and/or thrombolysis. The functional recovery of gas exchange would be signaled by an increase in pulmonary CO2 elimination and decrease(More)
The measurement of average alveolar expired PCO2 (PAECO2) weights each PCO2 value on the alveolar plateau of the CO2 expirogram by the simultaneous change in exhaled volume. PAECO2 can be determined from a modified analysis of the Fowler anatomic dead space (VDANAT). In contrast, end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) only measures PCO2 in the last small volume of(More)
BACKGROUND Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has become a common occurrence nowadays due to emergence of multiple newer risk factors, such as implantation of permanent pacemaker (PPM) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. We are reporting 20 cases of upper extremity DVT related to PPM implantation. METHODS AND RESULT All the patients(More)
OBJECTIVES CO2 content can be determined from the Pco2 in an acidified (forces all CO2 into solution) and diluted blood sample. However, Pco2 concentrations measured in conventional blood gas analyzers are only correct for samples with a significant buffer capacity (such as whole blood), so that mixing with the Pco2 in the rinse solution and tubing walls(More)
Plasma concentrations of amethocaine were measured after topical application of amethocaine cream 2 g (5% w/w) to the dorsum of the right hand of 10 adult volunteers. The cream was applied for 240 min and plasma was assayed for amethocaine and its metabolite p-n-butylaminobenzoic acid at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 240 min in all 10 volunteers, and at 360 min in(More)
This study was designed to investigate the relationship between arm temperature and the degree of blockade as monitored by peripheral nerve stimulation by a comparison of both arms of each patient; one exposed to the environment and the other wrapped to maintain its temperature. The decrease in the temperatures of the exposed arms were significantly more(More)