Biswajit Kar

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OBJECTIVES We sought to determine if the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) affects early or late mortality following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia seen following CABG. METHODS The Texas Heart Institute Cardiovascular Research Database was used to identify all(More)
BACKGROUND Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels correlate with outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). We sought to compare the relationship between absolute and relative changes in BNP with future clinical events, and whether serial BNP measurements add prognostic information in patients treated for decompensated HF. METHODS AND RESULTS In 203(More)
BACKGROUND In this study we investigated gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and its relationship to arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in patients with the continuous-flow HeartMate II (HMII) left ventricular assist device (LVAD). METHODS The records of 172 patients who received HMII support between November 2003 and June 2010 were reviewed. Patients were(More)
The redesigned HeartMate II, an axial-flow left ventricular assist device, is simpler, smaller, and easier to operate than are pulsatile pumps. These design characteristics should make the HeartMate II more reliable and durable and broaden the eligible population base. We implanted the HeartMate II in 43 patients (average age, 42 yr). The indication for use(More)
BACKGROUND For patients with persistent cardiogenic shock refractory to intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) support, there are only limited means of resuscitation and bridging to surgical left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and emergency surgical approaches have been attempted but are associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Progression of heart failure after initial myocardial injury is mediated in part by various redundant inflammatory mediators, including the widely expressed cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Because COX-2 inhibitors are useful in treating many inflammation-mediated diseases, we asked whether COX-2 inhibition can attenuate heart failure progression. (More)
BACKGROUND Implantation of a HeartMate II or a Jarvik 2000 FlowMaker left ventricular assist system (LVAS) usually involves a mid-line sternotomy and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In patients with numerous co-morbid conditions, however, surgical trauma may be minimized by implanting the LVAS via a minimally invasive approach, preferably without(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are either pulsatile or axial flow devices. The latter can be operated at a low-speed setting to allow pulsatility or at a high-speed setting to create continuous flow. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of continuous flow and pulsatile flow on peripheral vascular reactivity. METHODS(More)
Axial flow ventricular assist devices show great promise as a potential treatment for patients with end-stage heart failure. The HeartMate II system, redesigned on the basis of initial clinical experiences in Europe, is now in clinical trials in the United States. We report on the 1st use of the newly redesigned HeartMate II in the United States. The system(More)
End-stage heart-failure patients in acute refractory cardiogenic shock with multi-organ dysfunction require aggressive medical therapy that includes inotropic support. Historically, the intra-aortic balloon pump was the last option for patients who were dying of acute cardiogenic shock. Short-term extracorporeal pulsatile or nonpulsatile cardiac assist(More)