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Thyroid hormone (TH) controlled gene expression profiles have been studied in the tail, hind limb and brain tissues during TH-induced and spontaneous Xenopus laevis metamorphosis. Amplified cRNA probes mixed with a universal standard were hybridized to a set of 21,807-sense strand 60-mer oligonucleotides on each slide representing the entries in X. laevis(More)
Polymorphism of bovine leukocyte antigen (BoLA) DRB3 gene is being intensively investigated for potential association with economically important diseases of cattle. Accordingly, we investigated the association of DRB3 Exon 2 polymorphism as evidenced by the variation in the binding pockets with variability in immune response to inactivated trivalent (O, A(More)
Xenopus laevis tadpole tails contain fast muscle fibers oriented in chevrons and two pairs of slow muscle "cords" along the length of the tail. When tail resorption is inhibited by a number of different treatments, fast muscle but not the slow cord muscle still is lost, demonstrating that the fast tail muscle is a direct target of the thyroid(More)
UNLABELLED Periodontal pathogens such as Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum produce five different short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) as metabolic by-products. We detect significantly higher levels of SCFAs in the saliva of patients with severe periodontal disease. The different SCFAs stimulate lytic gene expression of Kaposi's(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been extensively studied because of their functional attributes in development and diseases. However, relatively few in vivo functional studies have been reported on the roles of MMPs in postembryonic organ development. Amphibian metamorphosis is a unique model for studying MMP function during vertebrate development(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure are major causes of morbidity and mortality in Western societies. Many factors have been implicated in cardiac remodeling, including alterations in gene expression in myocytes, cardiomyocytes apoptosis, cytokines and growth factors that influence cardiac dynamics, and deficits in energy metabolism as well as alterations(More)
Thyroid hormone (T3) plays a central role in vertebrate post-embryonic development, and amphibian metamorphosis provides a unique opportunity to examine T3-dependent developmental changes. To establish a molecular framework for understanding T3-induced morphological change, we identified a set of gene expression profiles controlled by T3 in the intestine(More)
To adapt to its changing dietary environment, the digestive tract is extensively remodeled from the embryo to the adult during vertebrate development. Xenopus laevis metamorphosis is an excellent model system for studying mammalian gastrointestinal development and is used to determine the genes and signaling programs essential for intestinal development and(More)
AIMS Cardiac-specific overexpression of myotrophin (myo) protein in transgenic (myo-Tg) mice results in hypertrophy at 4 weeks that progresses to heart failure (HF) by 36 weeks. Gene profiling showed that p53 expression increases as hypertrophy worsens to HF, suggesting that p53 may influence myo-induced HF. We aimed to define how the p53 signalling cascade(More)
Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies are used to detect somatic mutations in tumors and study germ line variation. Most NGS studies use DNA isolated from whole blood or fresh frozen tissue. However, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues are one of the most widely available clinical specimens. Their potential utility as a source of DNA for(More)