Bishambar Dayal

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Tissue sterol composition was determined in an 18-year-old male with sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis who died suddenly and whose coronary and aortic vessels showed extensive atherosclerosis and, for comparison, in an 18-year-old male with minimal atherosclerosis who died accidently. Sterols in the control tissues (plasma, erythrocytes, cardiac muscle,(More)
We measured the turnover and absorption of sitosterol and cholesterol, along with plasma sterol and lipoprotein concentrations, in one control and two subjects with sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis. All individuals consumed the same diet which contained approximately 500 mg/day of cholesterol and 250 mg/day of sitosterol. Sterol absorption was measured by(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the neuromuscular blocking effect and recovery profile of cisatracurium besylate in children after administration of a bolus dose that was twice the estimated dose required to produce 95% of the maximum effect (2 x ED95; 0.08 mg/kg) followed by an infusion during halothane-nitrous oxide anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN Open-label(More)
Cholic acid biosynthesis is defective in individuals with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) and is associated with the excretion of 5beta-cholestane-3alpha,7alpha, 12alpha,25-tetrol, an intermediate in the 25-hydroxylation pathway of cholic acid in CTX. To define the enzymatic defect in CTX, two suspected precursors of cholic acid, namely(More)
This paper describes an operationally simple, rapid hydrogenation of unsaturated sterols and bile alcohols in a domestic microwave oven. This has been achieved by the addition of catalytic amounts of Pd/C in methylene chloride/propylene glycol solvents in the presence of ammonium formate followed by microwave irradiation. It is suggested that this(More)
A rapid and easily performed procedure for the synthesis of 5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha, 7 beta, 12 alpha, 25-tetrol by means of an efficient homologation sequence of the intermediate, 3 alpha, 7 beta, 12 alpha-triformyloxy-24-oxo-25-diazo-25-homo-5 beta-cholane is described. The reaction sequence involved treating the intermediate, alpha-diazoketone in(More)
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) with onset below 35 years of age was studies in 43 Indian and 9 Black patients. NIDDM was diagnosed in 10.0% and 1.6% of diabetes in the respective racial groups. The mean age of the patients was 35.4 years and the mean duration of diabetes 7.5 years. Nearly 50% of patients were significantly obese, and more(More)
This paper describes a pathway of cholic acid synthesis, in man and in the rat, which involves 25-hydroxylated intermediates and is catalyzed by microsomal and soluble enzymes. The subcellular localization, stereospecificity, and other properties of the enzymes involved were studied with liver fractions of normolipidemic subjects, cerebrotendinous(More)
We have measured plasma sterol composition in 14 subjects with sitosterolemia and xanthomatosis. In addition to elevated plasma phytosterol (campesterol 16 +/- 7 mg/dl and sitosterol 35 +/- 16 mg/dl) and normal to moderately high cholesterol levels (258 +/- 96 mg/dl), concentrations of 5 alpha-saturated stanols, cholestanol, 5 alpha-campestanol, and 5(More)
To examine the defect in side-chain oxidation during the formation of bile acids in cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, we measured in vitro hepatic microsomal hydroxylations at C-12 and C-25 and mitochondrial hydroxylation at C-26 and related them to the pool size and synthesis rates of cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid as determined by the isotope(More)