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Muscle atrophy in catabolic illnesses is due largely to accelerated protein degradation. Unfortunately, methods for detecting accelerated muscle proteolysis are cumbersome. The goal of this study was to develop a method for detecting muscle protein breakdown and assess the effectiveness of anticatabolic therapy. In rodent models of catabolic conditions, it(More)
Muscle wasting increases the morbidity and mortality associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and has been attributed to malnutrition. In most patients, this is an incorrect diagnosis because simply feeding more protein aggravates uremia. Instead, there are complex mechanisms that stimulate loss of skeletal muscle, involving activation of mediators that(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) accelerates muscle protein degradation by stimulating the ubiquitin proteasome system through activation of the E3 ligases, Atrogin-1/MAFbx and MuRF-1. Forkhead transcription factors (FoxOs) can control the expression of these E3 ligases, but the contribution of individual FoxOs to muscle wasting is unclear. To study this we(More)
To elucidate the pathophysiologic changes in the kidney due to aging, we used physiological, morphometric, and imaging techniques to quantify GFR and its determinants in a group of 24 older (≥ 55 years) compared to 33 younger (≤ 45 years) living donors. Mathematical modeling was used to estimate the glomerular filtration coefficients for the whole kidney(More)
Diabetes cannot be considered simply a disease of glucose dysregulation; it is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects nearly every biological process, including protein metabolism. Diabetes is associated with disturbances in muscle protein metabolism that results in decreased muscle mass and in some cases, loss in the activities of daily living,(More)
The 5-yr survival rate of renal allografts is significantly lower for grafts from older deceased donors than from younger deceased donors. For evaluation of the potential contribution of renal senescence in this shortened graft survival, glomerular function and structure were analyzed in allografts from deceased donors older than 55 yr ("aging") or younger(More)
BACKGROUND It has recently been suggested that a low urine pH be added to the abnormalities linked to insulin resistance. This conclusion is based on the finding of a low urine pH in individuals with clinical syndromes associated with insulin resistance and not on studies in which a direct measure of insulin sensitivity was shown to be significantly related(More)
Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is the active ingredient in household bleach and is a very common chemical. It has been used in medical and commercial situations dating back to the 18th century for its disinfectant properties, including topical use in medicine as an antiseptic. For this indication, NaOCl is a proven and safe chemical. However, exposure of NaOCl(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to analyze the body composition of patients receiving emergent dialysis and compare their body cell mass (BCM) and fat-free mass (FFM) with those of normal subjects. The care of patients receiving sporadic, emergent dialysis treatment is a growing public health concern and the magnitude of muscle wasting that occurs in(More)
An estimated 6000 patients who are undocumented immigrants have end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and routinely present to public safety-net hospitals for life-saving emergent dialysis treatments. Because these patients lack a dialysis unit, they often do not have access to medication management consistently coordinated by a nephrologist, and this can result(More)