Birthe Loa Knizek

Learn More
Self-reported suicidal behavior and attitudes toward suicide in psychology students are reported and compared in Ghana, Uganda, and Norway. Small differences only were found in own suicidal behavior. However, experience of suicidal behavior in the surroundings was more common in Uganda than in Ghana and Norway. Although differences were found between the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe patients' experiences when diagnosed with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). METHODS The study was based on in-depth interviews with ten patients, previously diagnosed with epilepsy and treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) whose seizures were subsequently defined as PNES. The empirical material was analyzed by systematic(More)
The aim of this study was to compare attitudes towards suicide among regional politicians in five European countries, namely Austria, Hungary, Lithuania, Norway and Sweden. Attitudes of politicians are important as they are key persons in a suicide prevention context. All these countries differ significantly with respect to suicide rates and suicide(More)
The objective of this study was to examine psychology students' attitudes toward suicidal behaviour and the meanings they assign to the act. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 final year psychology students at a university in Ghana. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyze the data. The results indicated that the students(More)
Using the differentiation between explanations and understanding from philosophy of science as the point of departure, a critical look at the current mainstream suicidological research was launched. An almost exclusive use of quantitative methodology focusing on explanations is demonstrated. This bias in scope and methodology has to a large extent taken the(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol has been noted to be an important factor in nearly 68% of the suicides in Northern Uganda, yet exactly how alcohol contributes to suicide in this region has not been studied. AIMS To determine how alcohol contributes to suicide in this region. METHODS Qualitative psychological autopsy interviews were conducted with bereaved relatives(More)
One of the most established "truths" in suicidology is that almost all (90% or more) of those who kill themselves suffer from one or more mental disorders, and a causal link between the two is implied. Psychological autopsy (PA) studies constitute one main evidence base for this conclusion. However, there has been little reflection on the reliability and(More)
The main purposes of this study was to test the psychometric properties of a questionnaire on attitudes towards suicide in a cross-cultural setting, and to discuss the value of cross-cultural studies in the search of meaning(s) of suicidal behavior as well as the methodological challenges encountered in such studies. Data on attitudes towards suicide among(More)
Too often ethical boards delay or stop research projects with vulnerable populations, influenced by presumed rather than empirically documented vulnerability. The article investigates how participation is experienced by those bereaved by suicide. Experiences are divided into 3 groups: (a) overall positive (62%), (b) unproblematic (10%), and (c) positive and(More)
The aim of the presented study was to investigate whether common myths about suicide still prevail, what people in general think are the most common causes for suicide, whether suicide can be prevented, and if so, how. How subjects perceived their participation in a study on attitudes towards suicidal behavior, was also investigated. The Attitudes Towards(More)