Birthe Fahrenkrog

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Ageing results from complex genetically and epigenetically programmed processes that are elicited in part by noxious or stressful events that cause programmed cell death. Here, we report that administration of spermidine, a natural polyamine whose intracellular concentration declines during human ageing, markedly extended the lifespan of yeast, flies and(More)
Toward dissecting the molecular composition and architecture of the nuclear pore complex (NPC), over the past 18 months novel nucleoporins and NPC subcomplexes were identified and characterized. The three-dimensional structure of isolated yeast NPCs was determined by electron cryomicroscopy. New specimen preparation and labeling protocols localized a number(More)
Gle1p is an essential, nuclear pore complex (NPC)-associated RNA export factor. In a screen for high copy suppressors of a GLE1 mutant strain, we identified the FG-nucleoporin Rip1p and the DEAD-box protein Rat8p/Dbp5p, both of which have roles in RNA export; we also found Ymr255p/Gfd1p, a novel inessential protein. All three high copy suppressors interact(More)
We have identified between Mex67p and Mtr2p a complex which is essential for mRNA export. This complex, either isolated from yeast or assembled in Escherichia coli, can bind in vitro to RNA through Mex67p. In vivo, Mex67p requires Mtr2p for association with the nuclear pores, which can be abolished by mutating either MEX67 or MTR2. In all cases, detachment(More)
Natively unfolded phenylalanine-glycine (FG)-repeat domains are alleged to form the physical constituents of the selective barrier-gate in nuclear pore complexes during nucleocytoplasmic transport. Presently, the biophysical mechanism behind the selective gate remains speculative because of a lack of information regarding the nanomechanical properties of(More)
The nuclear pore complex regulates cargo transport between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. We set out to correlate the governing biochemical interactions to the nanoscopic responses of the phenylalanineglycine (FG)-rich nucleoporin domains, which are involved in attenuating or promoting cargo translocation. We found that binding interactions with the(More)
The nuclear pore complex (NPC), a supramolecular assembly of approximately 100 different proteins (nucleoporins), mediates bidirectional transport of molecules between the cytoplasm and the cell nucleus. Extensive structural studies have revealed the three- dimensional (3D) architecture of Xenopus NPCs, and eight of the approximately 12 cloned and(More)
Inhibitor-of-apoptosis proteins (IAPs) play a crucial role in the regulation of metazoan apoptosis. IAPs are typically characterized by the presence of one to three baculovirus IAP repeat (BIR) domains that are essential for their anti-apoptotic activity. Bir1p is the sole BIR-protein in yeast and has been shown to participate in chromosome segregation(More)
The vertebrate proteins Nesprin-1 and Nesprin-2 (also referred to as Enaptin and NUANCE) together with ANC-1 of Caenorhabditis elegans and MSP-300 of Drosophila melanogaster belong to a novel family of alpha-actinin type actin-binding proteins residing at the nuclear membrane. Using biochemical techniques, we demonstrate that Nesprin-2 binds directly to(More)
The yeast S. cerevisiae can undergo programmed cell death that exhibits the typical cellular markers of apoptosis. The mammalian HtrA2 protein was recently reported to mediate apoptosis in a serine-protease-dependent manner owing to its ability to antagonise the inhibitor of apoptosis protein XIAP. Here, we report the identification and characterisation of(More)