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BACKGROUND It was the aim of this study to assess whether very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants born small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight less than 10th percentile) are at increased risk for late-onset sepsis. METHODS This was a prospective, multicenter study of the German Neonatal Network including VLBW infants from 23 to < 32 weeks post menstrual(More)
OBJECTIVE Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a well-known cause of adverse neonatal outcomes. As it may have an impact on innate immune responses, we aimed to investigate several parameters of the innate immune response in preterm infants of ≤32 weeks gestation who were small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS We compared clinical data of SGA (n =(More)
Parenteral nutrition is an important risk factor for late onset sepsis in neonates. This may be caused by the long-term need of central venous access but also through a potentially modulating effect of lipids and glucose on the immune function. It was the aim of this study to characterize the effect of lipids and glucose on the neonatal immune response in(More)
A survey is given on the status of developments, concerning a subretinal electronic microphotodiode array that aims at replacing degenerated photoreceptors. Various prototypes have been developed, tested, and implanted in various experimental animals up to 18 months. The fact that electrical responses were recorded from the visual cortex of pigs after(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute hyperglycemia is considered as a pro-inflammatory state and is related to an adverse outcome in critically ill adults. Neonates are susceptible to infections and systemic inflammatory response syndrome induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines. This study focuses on the interaction between neonatal glucose homeostasis and the pro-inflammatory(More)
Disturbances in Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and dysregulation in neonatal immune responses have been associated with typical neonatal diseases. Immunosuppression by IGF-I might be a key regulator of neonatal immune responses in infection and maturation. However, information on IGF-I serum levels, IGF-I-receptor (IGF-IR) and effects on functional(More)
In recent years galectin-3 has gained attention as a signalling molecule, mainly in inflammatory diseases. Data on galectin-3 expression in neonates, however, are limited, and expression of this lectin in cord blood has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to determine galectin-3 levels in cord blood of term and preterm neonates as well as(More)
We report on an 8 year old boy with primary cardiac anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), in whom the diagnosis was challenging and who was treated with modified chemotherapy without radiation therapy according to the ALCL 99 study protocol [1]. Two years and 4 months after completion of therapy the boy is in complete remission with normal cardiac function.
AIM To determine levels of antimicrobial polypeptides (AMP) in cord blood of term and preterm neonates and to investigate influencing factors. METHODS In a single-centre study, n = 139 preterm infants and n = 36 term infants were included. AMP levels were analysed in supernatants of whole cord blood cultures with a standardised concentration of 5 × 10(6)(More)