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A new method for quantitating the numbers of mutans streptococci in saliva--the "Strip mutans" test--was developed. It includes the following steps: A prepared plastic spatula is contaminated with saliva, transferred to a selective broth, incubated for two days, and dried. A predetermined area is counted or evaluated for CFUs of mutans streptococci. The(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate influencing factors on the dissolution test for powders for pulmonary delivery with USP apparatus 2 (paddle apparatus). We investigated the influence of dose collection method, membrane holder type and the presence of surfactants on the dissolution process. Furthermore, we modeled the in vitro dissolution process to(More)
Absolute left ventricular volumes, normalized to body surface area, were determined by a count-based radionuclide technique in 189 patients with myocardial infarction (MI). All examinations were performed in the second week after MI. Fifty-three percent of the patients had an increased end-diastolic volume index (EDVI) and 72% an increased end-systolic(More)
Increased intensity of train oil taste, bitterness, and metal taste are the most pronounced sensory changes during frozen storage of salmon (Refsgaard, H. H. F.; Brockhoff, P. B.; Jensen, B. Sensory and Chemical Changes in Farmed Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) during Frozen Storage. J. Agric. Food Chem. 1998a, 46, 3473-3479). Addition of each of the(More)
Radionuclide left ventricular (LV) peak filling rate (PFR) was determined in 185 survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and expressed in units of (1) end-diastolic volume per second (EDV s-1). (2) stroke volume per second (SV s-1), or (3) actual millilitres of blood filled into the left ventricle per second (ml s-1). The purpose of the study was to(More)
To evaluate different dissolution testing methods and subsequently develop a simple to perform but reproducible and discriminating dissolution technique for inhalative powders. From a dry powder a fraction of aerosolized particles with an aerodynamic particle size below 5 μm was collected on regenerated cellulose membranes using an abbreviated Andersen(More)
Twenty-two children formed the basis for a controlled study of the effect and duration of the postoperatively applied caudal block on postoperative pain after genital operations. The purpose of the study was to compare the effect and duration of bupivacaine and morphine. Ten children (Group I, outpatients) underwent circumcision and 12 children (Group II,(More)
102 patients with myocardial infarction (MI) were examined by three clinicians, who independently recorded the following symptoms and signs: dyspnoea, a displaced apex beat, S3-gallop, rales, neck vein distension, hepatomegaly, and dependent oedema. Chest X-ray, radionuclide ventriculography, and (in 40 patients) right heart catheterization were carried out(More)
Right and left ventricular ejection fractions (RVEF and LVEF) were measured by radionuclide angiography in 423 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). All investigations were performed at hospital discharge. Of 304 patients with first AMI, 26% had normal ejection fractions, 10% had a decrease in RVEF only, 46% a decrease in LVEF only, and 18%(More)
We describe the spontaneous long-term changes in right (RV) and left (LV) ventricular performance during a 7-year period after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Radionuclide ventriculography was performed in the second week after AMI in 201 patients. RV and LV ejection fractions, and LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were determined. A follow-up(More)