Birming Wong

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors that directly control numerous genes of lipid metabolism by binding to response elements in the promoter. It has recently been proposed that PPARgamma may also regulate genes for proinflammatory proteins, not through PPRE binding but by interaction with(More)
Macrophages secrete matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), an enzyme that weakens the fibrous cap of atherosclerotic plaques, predisposing them to plaque rupture and subsequent ischemic events. Recent work indicates that statins strongly reduce the possibility of heart attack. Furthermore, these compounds appear to exert beneficial effects not only by lowering(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) may play an important role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the cellular source of MMP-9 in the inflamed mucosa of IBD remains unclear. Here we report that MMP-9 mRNA is expressed in CaCO-2 cells, an intestinal epithelial cell line, and that its expression is upregulated by inflammatory(More)
11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11beta-HSD) perform prereceptor metabolism of glucocorticoids through interconversion of the active glucocorticoid, cortisol, with inactive cortisone. Although the immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory activities of glucocorticoids are well documented, the expression of 11beta-HSD enzymes in immune cells is not well(More)
The 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) enzymes catalyze the interconversion of active glucocorticoids (GC) with their inert metabolites, thereby regulating the functional activity of GC. While 11beta-HSD type 1 (11beta-HSD1) activates GC from their 11-keto metabolites, 11beta-HSD type 2 (11beta-HSD2) inactivates GC. Here we report that both of(More)
A rapid in vitro assay was developed for monitoring protein-mediated cholesterol monomerization from bile acid aggregates. This assay uses a fluorescent cholesterol analog, 22-(N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)-23,24-bisnor-5-cholen-3 beta-ol (NBD-cholesterol), which was shown to be absorbed by hamster in a fashion similar to cholesterol. The(More)
Secretory nonpancreatic group IIA phospholipase A2 (sPLA2), a lipolytic enzyme found in plasma, is thought to play an important role in inflammation. In patients with sepsis, a strong positive correlation is observed between the plasma level of sPLA2 and poor clinical outcome in sepsis. We have thus asked whether sPLA2 could play a role in enabling(More)
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