Birit Froukje Philippien Broekman

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Prenatal maternal depression is associated with alterations in the neonatal amygdala microstructure, shedding light on the timing for the influence of prenatal maternal depression on the brain structure of the offspring. This study aimed to examine the association between prenatal maternal depressive symptomatology and infant amygdala functional(More)
BACKGROUND The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is widely used for screening and assessment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Screening scales are often culture-specific and should be evaluated for item response bias (synonymously differential item functioning, DIF) before use in clinical practice and research in a different population. In this study, we(More)
Mechanisms underlying the profound parental effects on cognitive, emotional and social development in humans remain poorly understood. Studies with nonhuman models suggest variations in parental care affect the limbic system, influential to learning, autobiography and emotional regulation. In some research, nonoptimal care relates to decreases in(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine the psychological impact of wisdom teeth removal and to identify the psychological risk factors for the development of dental anxiety and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Participants were 34 consecutive elective patients referred for surgical removal of a wisdom tooth under local anesthesia. Frequency of(More)
BACKGROUND The origins of mental disorders arise often in childhood. Early life is a period of unique sensitivity with long lasting effects on mental health. However, the mechanisms for these effects remain unclear. OBJECTIVE This thesis describes a variety of studies using a developmental framework to promote greater understanding of the influence of(More)
BACKGROUND An American styled residency programme for postgraduate psychiatry training introduced in parallel with an existing British-styled programme in Singapore has proved challenging at various levels. AIMS This study determined the educational environment of both programmes using the Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM)(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing research evidence that subclinical autistic traits are elevated in relatives of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), continuously distributed in the general population and likely to share common etiology with ASD. A number of measures have been developed to assess autistic traits quantitatively in unselected samples.(More)
Nowadays, cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not routinely discussed with all hospital patients, even though it should be for a number of reasons. First of all, every patient may suffer cardiac arrest, and the overall outcome of a subsequent attempt at resuscitation is difficult to predict. Besides, patients who do not wish to be resuscitated often do not(More)
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