Birgitte Sander Nielsen

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Despite the introduction of recombinant preparations of factor VIII and recombinant factor VII and VIIa, patients with other forms of hemophilia, especially hemophilia B, have remained at increased risk for blood borne viruses because of a lack of clinically utilizable preparations of recombinant factor IX. This report describes the state of current tests(More)
In this study, we have determined and compared the pharmacological profiles of ibotenic acid and its isothiazole analogue thioibotenic acid at native rat ionotropic glutamate (iGlu) receptors and at recombinant rat metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors expressed in mammalian cell lines. Thioibotenic acid has a distinct pharmacological profile at group III(More)
The excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) play essential roles in regulating the synaptic concentration of the neurotransmitter glutamate in the mammalian central nervous system. To date, five subtypes have been identified, named EAAT1-5 in humans, and GLAST, GLT-1, EAAC1, EAAT4, and EAAT5 in rodents, respectively. In this paper, we present the design,(More)
Homologation and substitution on the carbon backbone of (S)-glutamic acid [(S)-Glu, 1], as well as absolute stereochemistry, are structural parameters of key importance for the pharmacological profile of (S)-Glu receptor ligands. We describe a series of methyl-substituted 2-aminoadipic acid (AA) analogs, and the synthesis, stereochemistry, and(More)
A high throughput protein biomarker discovery tool has been developed based on multiplexed proximity ligation assays in a homogeneous format in the sense of no washing steps. The platform consists of four 24-plex panels profiling 74 putative biomarkers with sub-pm sensitivity each consuming only 1 μl of human plasma sample. The system uses either matched(More)
Although the potential of biomarkers to aid in early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) is recognized and numerous biomarker candidates have been reported in the literature, to date only few molecular markers have been approved for daily clinical use. In order to improve the translation of biomarkers from the bench to clinical practice we initiated a(More)
5-Substituted 1-pyrazolol analogues of ibotenic acid have been synthesized and pharmacologically characterized on ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs and mGluRs). The syntheses involved introduction of bromide, alkyls, phenyl and arylalkyls in the 5-position of 1-benzyloxypyrazole leading to 5-substituted(More)
A series of ring-substituted analogues of imidazole-4-acetic acid (IAA, 4), a partial agonist at both GABAA and GABAC receptors (GABA = gamma-aminobutyric acid), have been synthesized. The synthesized compounds 8a-l have been evaluated as ligands for the alpha1beta2gamma2S GABAA receptors and the rho1 GABAC receptors using the FLIPR membrane potential (FMP)(More)
The GABA(A) agonists muscimol (1), 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol (THIP, gaboxadol, 3), and the partial GABA(A) agonist 5-(4-piperidyl)-3-isoxazolol (4-PIOL, 6a) and their respective 3-isothiazolol analogues thiomuscimol (2), thio-THIP (4), and thio-4-PIOL (7a) are ligands at the GABA(A) orthosteric (recognition) site. The structure-activity(More)
The potency of a series of eight compounds structurally related with 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol (THIP), a potent GABA(A) partial agonist exhibiting GABA(C) rho(1) antagonist effect (K(i)=25 microM), was determined electrophysiologically using homomeric human GABA(C) rho(1) receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Protolytic properties(More)