Birgitte Nybo Jensen

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The T-cell response of human donors to secreted antigen fractions of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was investigated. The donors were divided into five groups: active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients with minimal and with advanced disease, Mycobacterium bovis BCG-vaccinated donors with and without contact with TB patients, and nonvaccinated individuals. We(More)
Fifty-nine human immunodeficiency virus type-1-infected patients with a microscopically proven first episode of moderate to severe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) were enrolled into a randomized European multicenter study. The effect of adjunctive corticosteroid (CS) therapy was assessed on (a) survival to discharge, (b) need for mechanical(More)
By means of serial lung function tests we examined the changes in lung function and possible pulmonary long-term sequelae in AIDS patients with a primary episode of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). A total of 19 patients had lung function tests performed prospectively from the time of PCP diagnosis, at 7 days, 14 days, 1, 2, 3, 4.5, 6 and 9 months(More)
On well defined criteria a total of 102 fiberoptic bronchoscopies (FB) were done on HIV-infected patients with pulmonary symptoms. A microbiological agent was identified in 85 patients (83%). Pneumocystis carinii (PC) was histologically verified in 61 patients, bacteria cultured in 22 patients, and cytomegalovirus (CMV) cultured in 17 patients. A(More)
In a prospective, randomized open-label trial, the efficacy of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMX-TMP) 400/80 mg b.i.d. was compared with the efficacy of aerosolized pentamidine (AP) 60 mg every 2nd week as secondary prophylaxis (SP) against recurrence of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in AIDS patients. 94 patients participated in the study, 47 in(More)
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) may cause severe respiratory distress. This is believed to be partly caused by the accumulation of neutrophils in the lung. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) are potent neutrophil chemo-attractants and activators. Eicosanoids [i.e. prostaglandins (PG) and leukotrienes (LT)] are pro-inflammatory mediators(More)
When a patient presents with acute diarrhoea, the most important question is whether it represents the first episode of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (CIBD) or acute self-limited colitis (ASLC). The early changes in the rectal mucosa of patients with ASLC have been claimed to be highly diagnostic, the presence of an unspecific inflammatory infiltrate(More)