Birgitta Rosén

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One of the challenges in reconstructive surgery is to ensure hand sensibility is regained after median nerve repair. We assessed tactile gnosis in 54 patients (mean age 32 [range 4-72] years) after repair of transected median or ulnar nerves at the wrist level. We found that there is a well-defined critical period for sensory relearning after nerve repair.(More)
Treatment of injuries to major nerve trunks in the hand and upper extremity remains a major and challenging reconstructive problem. Such injuries may cause long-lasting disabilities in terms of lost fine sensory and motor functions. Nowadays there is no surgical repair technique that can ensure recovery of tactile discrimination in the hand of an adult(More)
Treatment with a mirror gives an illusion of function in a missing or non-functioning hand. The method is based on the concept that the central representation of phantoms and body image can change rapidly, and has been described in the treatment of phantom pain and stroke. We show in three pilot cases new applications for the use of the mirror in(More)
The long-term outcome from silicone tube nerve repair was compared with the outcome from routine microsurgical repair in a clinical randomized prospective study, comprising 30 patients with median or ulnar nerve injuries in the distal forearm. Postoperatively, the patients underwent neurophysiological and clinical assessments of sensory and motor function(More)
We describe how upper limb amputees can be made to experience a rubber hand as part of their own body. This was accomplished by applying synchronous touches to the stump, which was out of view, and to the index finger of a rubber hand, placed in full view (26 cm medial to the stump). This elicited an illusion of sensing touch on the artificial hand, rather(More)
The cortical representation of body parts is constantly modulated in response to the afferent input, and acute deafferentation of a body part results in bilateral cortical reorganization. To study the effects on hand function of right forearm anaesthesia, we investigated ten human subjects (group 1) for perception of touch, tactile discrimination and grip(More)
The cortical representation of various body parts constantly changes based on the pattern of afferent nerve impulses. As peripheral nerve injury results in a cortical and subcortical reorganisation this has been suggested as one explanation for the poor clinical outcome seen after peripheral nerve repair in humans. Cutaneous anaesthesia of the forearm in(More)
The outcome after nerve repair in adults is generally poor. We hypothesized that forearm deafferentation would enhance the sensory outcome by increasing the cortical hand representation. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was designed to investigate the effects of cutaneous forearm anaesthesia combined with sensory re-education on the outcome(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging mapping of the finger somatotopy in the primary somatosensory cortex requires a reproducible and precise stimulation. The highly detailed functional architecture in this region of the brain also requires careful consideration in choice of spatial resolution and postprocessing parameters. The purpose of this study is(More)
A real-time pattern recognition algorithm based on k-nearest neighbors and lazy learning was used to classify, voluntary electromyography (EMG) signals and to simultaneously control movements of a dexterous artificial hand. EMG signals were superficially recorded by eight pairs of electrodes from the stumps of five transradial amputees and forearms of five(More)