Birgitta Houltz

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The aim of this study was to identify predictors of torsades de pointes (TdP) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) or flutter exposed to the Class III antiarrhythmic drug almokalant. TdP can be caused by drugs that prolong myocardial repolarization. One hundred patients received almokalant infusion during AF (infusion 1) and 62 of the patients during(More)
BACKGROUND For reliable assessment of ventilation inhomogeneity, multiple-breath washout (MBW) systems should be realistically validated. We describe a new lung model for in vitro validation under physiological conditions and the assessment of a new nitrogen (N(2))MBW system. METHODS The N(2)MBW setup indirectly measures the N(2) fraction (F(N2)) from(More)
BACKGROUND Esophageal atresia (EA) often leads to persistent symptoms and impaired respiratory function in adulthood. The role of peripheral airways in this impairment has not been previously investigated. Furthermore, asthma-like symptoms are common in these patients. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate pulmonary outcome, including(More)
Dynamic hyperinflation is considered an important mechanism behind shortness of breath and reduced exercise capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Prevailing methods to assess dynamic hyperinflation are crude because of the large normal variation of both functional residual capacity and inspiratory capacity (IC). In the present(More)
Suboptimal asthma control is common despite modern asthma therapy. The degree of peripheral airway involvement remains unclear and poor medication delivery to these regions might be a contributing reason for this failure in obtaining adequate symptom control. A cohort of 196 adults (median (range) age 44 (18-61) years, 109 females, 54 ex-smokers, six(More)
This study assesses the occurrence of and identifies clinical characteristics associated with the development of aberrant conduction during infusion of the I(kr)-blocker almokalant. Class III drugs may induce aberrant conduction by prolongation of cardiac repolarization, especially during atrial fibrillation (AF). Ninety-two patients with AF received a(More)
Imaging studies describe significant ventilation defects across a wide range of cystic fibrosis (CF) related lung disease severity. These are unfortunately poorly reflected by phase III slope analysis-derived Scond and Sacin from multiple-breath washout (MBW). Methodology extending previous two-lung compartment model-based analysis is presented describing(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term exposure to tobacco smoke causes local inflammation in the airways that involves not only innate immune cells, including NK cells, but also adaptive immune cells such as cytotoxic (CD8+) and helper (CD4+) T-cells. We have previously demonstrated that long-term tobacco smoking increases extracellular concentration of the CD4+-recruiting(More)
The present study analyses the ability of the alveolar slope of the single-breath nitrogen washout test (N2-slope) to diagnose and predict the development of the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). We present a retrospective analysis of 61 consecutive bilateral lung or heart-lung transplant recipients who were followed at regular control visits during(More)