Birgitta Björkroth

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The vertebrate nuclear pore complex (NPC) is a macromolecular assembly of protein subcomplexes forming a structure of eightfold radial symmetry. The NPC core consists of globular subunits sandwiched between two coaxial ring-like structures of which the ring facing the nuclear interior is capped by a fibrous structure called the nuclear basket. By(More)
The synaptonemal complex (SC) is a meiosis-specific, tripartite structure essential for synapsis of homologous chromosomes; it contains a central element positioned between two lateral elements and transversal filaments connecting the lateral elements. In mammals, a major constituent of the transversal filament is known: the SCP1 protein. It contains a long(More)
The synaptonemal complex protein SCP3 is part of the lateral element of the synaptonemal complex, a meiosis-specific protein structure essential for synapsis of homologous chromosomes. We have investigated the fiber-forming properties of SCP3 to elucidate its role in the synaptonemal complex. By synthesis of SCP3 in cultured somatic cells, it has been shown(More)
In the larval salivary glands of C. tentans, it is possible to visualize by electron microscopy how Balbiani ring (BR) pre-mRNA associates with proteins to form pre-mRNP particles, how these particles move to and through the nuclear pore, and how the BR RNA is engaged in the formation of giant polysomes in the cytoplasm. Here, we study C. tentans hrp36, an(More)
A specific messenger ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particle, Balbiani ring (BR) granules in the dipteran Chironomus tentans, can be visualized during passage through the nuclear pore complex (NPC). We have now examined the transport through the nuclear basket preceding the actual translocation through the NPC. The basket consists of eight fibrils anchored to the(More)
The active 75 S RNA genes in the Balbiani rings of Chironomus tentans were investigated by two complementing electron microscopy procedures: spreading of isolated chromosomes according to Miller and serial sectioning of Balbiani rings. The Miller spreads show that the transcription products, the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) fibers, increase gradually in length(More)
The DEAD box RNA helicase Dbp5 is essential for nucleocytoplasmic transport of mRNA-protein (mRNP) complexes. Dbp5 is present mainly in the cytoplasm and is enriched at the cytoplasmic side of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs), suggesting that it acts in the late part of mRNP export. Here, we visualize the assembly and transport of a specific mRNP particle, the(More)
Specific premessenger ribonucleoprotein (pre-mRNP) particles, the Balbiani ring (BR) granules in the salivary glands of the dipteran Chironomus tentans, can be visualized in the electron microscope when they assemble on the genes, move through nucleoplasm, and bind to and translocate through the nuclear pores. As shown by BrUTP labeling and immunoelectron(More)
We have studied the ultrastructure of the Balbiani ring genes in Chironomus tentans during treatment with the RNA synthesis inhibitor DRB (5,6-dichloro-1-β-D-ribofuranosyl-benzimidazole). This nucleoside analogue blocks transcription at or near the initiation site but does not interfere with the elongation and termination processes. In the ordinary active(More)