The hypomyelinating leukodystrophies X-linked Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) and Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD) are characterized by nystagmus, progressive spasticity, and ataxia. In a consanguineous family with PMLD, we performed a genomewide linkage scan using the GeneChip Mapping EA 10K Array (Affymetrix) and detected a single gene locus on… (More)
RATIONALE To provide a better understanding of cognitive functioning, motor outcome, behavior and quality of life after childhood stroke and to study the relationship between variables expected to influence rehabilitation and outcome (age at stroke, time elapsed since stroke, lateralization, location and size of lesion). METHODS Children who suffered from… (More)
The authors describe four unrelated girls with a distinctive neurologic disorder with early-onset progressive ataxia and hypodontia with a characteristic pattern of delayed dentition. Cerebral MRI shows hypomyelinated white matter and cerebellar atrophy; 1H-MRS of white matter reveals a marked elevation of myo-inositol.
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD) is a heterogeneous disease with primary hypomyelination of the central nervous system. Only the minority of patients have mutations in the coding region of the GJA12 gene encoding gap junction protein alpha 12, a subunit of intercellular channels highly expressed by oligodendrocytes, the myelin forming cells of the… (More)
The human phenotype with primarily impaired myelination is represented by hypomyelinating leukodystrophies. The most frequent form is Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, which is due to alterations in the PLP1 gene encoding the major myelin protein. Another form, Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease, is partly associated with mutations in the GJA12 gene encoding gap… (More)
We report a novel type of congenital myopathy, which is characterized by an early arrest of muscle formation prior to formation of myotubes. A female infant born prematurely at 32 weeks of gestational age died after six weeks of continuous ventilatory support. Various muscle specimens including quadriceps, deltoid, pectoral, neck, psoas, tongue, and… (More)