Birgit Stoffel-Wagner

Learn More
In rodents, cyclically fluctuating levels of gonadal steroid hormones modulate neural plasticity by altering synaptic transmission and synaptogenesis. Alterations of mood and cognition observed during the menstrual cycle suggest that steroid-related plasticity also occurs in humans. Cycle phase-dependent differences in cognitive performance have almost(More)
The biological mechanisms underlying long-term partner bonds in humans are unclear. The evolutionarily conserved neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is associated with the formation of partner bonds in some species via interactions with brain dopamine reward systems. However, whether it plays a similar role in humans has as yet not been established. Here, we report(More)
Social communication through touch and mutual grooming can convey highly salient socio-emotional signals and has been shown to involve the neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) in several species. Less is known about the modulatory influence of OXT on the neural and emotional responses to human interpersonal touch. The present randomized placebo (PLC)-controlled(More)
It is not clear whether the pre-operative treatment of GH-secreting pituitary adenomas with Octreotide improves the surgical remission rates of acromegaly. In a prospective controlled study the results of transsphenoidal surgery in newly diagnosed GH-secreting macro-adenomas were compared in patients with (n = 11, group A) and without (n = 13, group B)(More)
OBJECTIVE Plant sterols (sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol and brassicasterol) are solely dietary-derivable sterols that are structurally very similar to cholesterol. In contrast to peripheral cholesterol, plant sterols can cross the blood-brain barrier and accumulate within mammalian brain. As an impaired function of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-blood(More)
Sex steroid hormones exert important influences on neuroendocrine and behavioural brain function. As neuroactive steroids they are able to modify neuronal excitability. Unbalanced synthesis may thus be implicated in pathophysiological conditions, such as epilepsy, migraine, depression and anxiety. In sex steroid metabolism, 17beta-hydroxisteroid(More)
BACKGROUND Epileptic discharges from the temporal lobe may influence the release of hormones from the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. If epilepsy surgery influences the underlying epileptic disorder one might expect serum hormone concentrations to return to normal following surgery. PATIENTS Twenty-two men with epilepsy aged 25 to 48 years (mean, 34.9 years)(More)
This paper summarizes the current knowledge concerning the biosynthesis of neurosteroids in the human brain, the enzymes mediating these reactions, their localization, and the putative effects of neurosteroids. The presence of the steroidogenic enzymes cytochrome P450(SCC), aromatase, 5alpha-reductase, 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, and(More)
There is increasing clinical and experimental evidence that hormones, in particular sex steroid hormones, influence neuronal excitability and other brain functions. The term 'neuroactive steroids' has been coined for steroids that interact with neurotransmitter receptors. One of the best characterized actions of neuroactive steroids is the allosteric(More)