Birgit S. Werner

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common psychiatric disorder in children and adolescents (6-12% affected). Treatment with methylphenidate (MPH) in the United States has increased to a current prescription rate of > 5 million per year. However, a 2005 study by El-Zein and co-workers [Cancer Lett(More)
BACKGROUND Increased critical shoulder angles consist of both the acromial cover and glenoid inclination and have been found in patients with rotator cuff pathology. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation of the critical shoulder angle and glenoid inclination and to determine the difference in glenoid inclination between patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Synthetic antisense molecules have an enormous potential for therapeutic applications in humans. The major aim of such strategies is to specifically interfere with gene function, thus modulating cellular pathways according to the therapeutic demands. Among the molecules which can block mRNA function in a sequence specific manner are peptide(More)
BACKGROUND Revision of failed shoulder arthroplasty is often associated with poor results and a high rate of complications. Significant humeral bone loss after removal of long stems poses a considerable surgical challenge. Therefore, the aim of our study was the evaluation of the clinical and radiologic outcome of cemented long-stem humeral components in(More)
BACKGROUND Revision in failed shoulder arthroplasty often requires removal of the humeral component with a significant risk of fracture and bone loss. Newer modular systems allow conversion from anatomic to reverse shoulder arthroplasty with retention of a well-fixed humeral stem. We report on a prospectively evaluated series of conversions from(More)
The correct amount of arm lengthening in reverse shoulder arthroplasty is crucial to provide joint stability and good results. Determination has been proposed according to radiographs. However, radiographic measurements are error prone in regards to positioning of the arm with regard to the radiographic beam. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Long-standing anterior glenohumeral dislocation results in both humeral and glenoid bone loss, as well as concomitant soft tissue pathologies. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is an established procedure to restore both stability and function in cuff-deficient shoulders. However, fixation of the glenoid component is prone to failure in cases(More)
BACKGROUND The β-angle, formed by the intersection of a line on the floor of the supraspinatus fossa and glenoid fossa line, has been described as a reliable measurement tool in the clinical setting to analyze glenoid inclination on the anteroposterior (AP) view of the shoulder. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of the β-angle(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To describe individual experiences of patients using the bedpan in an acute care setting. BACKGROUND Patients describe the use of the bedpan often as uncomfortable and painful, and nurses mention difficulties using standard-sized bedpans for obese patients or removing a bedpan without soiling the bed. Although the bedpan is still(More)
Although the bedpan is a subject of everyday nursing practice, little research was found concerning this issue. Patients often describe that the use of the bedpan is uncomfortable and painful. Studies also underline that using a bedpan is very embarrassing and shameful for the patients. Their privacy is violated considerably. In this quantitative(More)