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The Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) has been developed to classify how children with cerebral palsy (CP) use their hands when handling objects in daily activities. The classification is designed to reflect the child's typical manual performance, not the child's maximal capacity. It classifies the collaborative use of both hands together.(More)
BACKGROUND Kinematic investigations of prehension movements made by children with cerebral palsy are few and mainly focus on the reaching phase. To increase understandings of how both reaching and grasping movements are organized in these children, the aim was to investigate their spatiotemporal characteristics and additionally, how different kinematic(More)
This study has examined the individual movements of the body segments of a group of 10 standing adults during anterior and posterior platform displacements (3 and 6 cm amplitudes), and compared body movements to neck and ankle muscle response onset times. Differences in the kinematics of movement were observed for anterior vs. posterior platform(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to provide norms for grip strength in children. A total of 530 Swedish 4-16-y-olds was tested with the instrument Grippit. The instrument estimates peak grip strength over a 10s period, and sustained grip strength averaged across the 10s. The increase in grip strength with age was approximately parallel for boys and(More)
We investigated in children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) the ability to programme and execute goal-directed arm movements. The sample consisted of 25 males with ADHD (mean age 11 years 6 months, SD 1 year 11 months, range 8 to 15 years) and 25 age-matched typically developing males. The children moved a cursor on a screen by moving a(More)
The development of manual pointing was studied in 270 children from 4 yr of age to 12 yr of age. Fifteen boys and 15 girls were included in each age group. The task was to place pins underneath a table-top at positions seen or felt on the table-top. Each child was tested in four different conditions: both visual and proprioceptive information about the(More)
This study explored proximal-to-distal components during goal-directed reaching movements in children with mild or moderate hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP); [seven females, four males; mean age 8 y 6 mo; SD 27 mo], compared with age-matched, typically developing children (seven females, five males; mean age 8 y 3 mo [SD 25 mo]. Severity of HCP was assessed(More)
What visual information do children normally require for the control of reaching movements? How is performance affected when children do not have access to the preferred mode of perceptual information? These questions were studied in 28 children who were tested on 3 occasions: at 6, 7, and 8 years of age. The task was to pick beads, 1 at a time, from 1 cup(More)
The aim of the present study was to analyze the ability to programme and execute reaching movements in individuals with myelomeningocele (MMC) and in a control group. Thirty-one participants (18 males, 13 females; mean age 12 years 11 months, SD 2 years 7 months, range 9 to 19 years) with MMC and 31 participants (matched for age and sex) without(More)