Birgit Mandel

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Plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC)-derived IFN-alpha plays a central role in antiviral defense and in Th1-driven autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In the current study, we explored how PGE2 effects the phenotype of PDCs from healthy and SLE subjects. Although PGE2 is considered to mediate mainly proinflammatory effects, we show(More)
Human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are crucially involved in the modulation of adaptive T-cell responses in the course of neoplastic, viral, and autoimmune disorders. In several of these diseases elevated extracellular levels of the serine protease granzyme B (GrB) are observed. Here we demonstrate that human pDCs can be an abundant source of GrB and(More)
Transient 19S antibody formation was induced in rabbits by single or repeated stimuli with a small dose of poliovirus. Available evidence indicated that cessation of 19S synthesis was due to lack of continuous antigenic stimulation and not to loss of cells participating in antibody formation. "Immunological memory" in 19S antibody formation was demonstrable(More)