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Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) interacts with the vasculature to influence Abeta levels in the brain and cerebral blood flow, providing a means of amplifying the Abeta-induced cellular stress underlying neuronal dysfunction and dementia. Systemic Abeta infusion and studies in genetically manipulated mice show that Abeta interaction with receptor for advanced(More)
The use of the Cre/loxP system has greatly empowered the field of gene targeting. Here we describe the successful establishment of a novel knock-in EGFP reporter mouse line to monitor Cre-induced recombination in the vast majority of cell types. The value of this reporter mouse line is demonstrated by the use of a novel Tie2Cre transgenic mouse line that(More)
The alpha-amylase from the thermoacidophilic eubacterium Alicyclobacillus (Bacillus) acidocaldarius strain ATCC 27009 was studied as an example of an acidophilic protein. The enzyme was purified from the culture fluid. On an SDS/polyacrylamide gel, the protein an apparent molecular mass of 160 kDa, which is approximately 15% higher than that predicted from(More)
While the initiation of the adaptive and innate immune response is well understood, less is known about cellular mechanisms propagating inflammation. The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), a transmembrane receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily, leads to perpetuated cell activation. Using novel animal models with defective or(More)
Diabetic nephropathy ensues from events involving earliest changes in the glomeruli and podocytes, followed by accumulation of extracellular matrix in the mesangium. Postulated mechanisms include roles for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), produced by podocytes and contributing to enhanced excretion of urinary albumin and recruitment/activation of(More)
Cellular proliferation, migration, and expression of extracellular matrix proteins and MMPs contribute to neointimal formation upon vascular injury. Wild-type mice undergoing arterial endothelial denudation displayed striking upregulation of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in the injured vessel, particularly in activated smooth muscle(More)
Molecular events that result in loss of pain perception are poorly understood in diabetic neuropathy. Our results show that the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), a receptor associated with sustained NF-kappaB activation in the diabetic microenvironment, has a central role in sensory neuronal dysfunction. In sural nerve biopsies, ligands(More)
Oxidative and carbonyl stress leads to generation of N(epsilon)-carboxymethyllysine-modified proteins (CML-mps), which are known to bind the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and induce nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB-dependent proinflammatory gene expression. To determine the impact of CML-mps in vivo, RAGE-dependent sustained NF-kappaB(More)
Endothelial cells coordinate the recruitment of inflammatory cells to sites of vascular injury. Endothelial cells produce and release cytokines and growth factors serving as communication signals to leukocytes as well as with organs and tissues. In addition, endothelial cells respond to inflammatory stimuli such as lipopolysaccharides (endotoxin, LPS),(More)
BACKGROUND The deposition of protein Z was investigated in atherosclerotic vascular lesions of patients with diabetes mellitus or atherosclerotic vascular disease without diabetes in comparison to controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS Protein Z antigen was evidenced by immunohistochemistry in arteries of 5 healthy control patients, 11 diabetic patients with(More)