Birgit Laufer

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The reasons for the well-known significantly different behaviour of the anaerobic, gram-negative, ethanologenic bacterium Zymomonas mobilis during growth on fructose (i.e. decreased growth and ethanol yields, increased by-product formation) as compared to that on its second natural substrate, glucose, have remained unexplained. A xylose-fermenting(More)
Lone standing splinted implant segments are accepted as optimal. However, in the treatment of partial edentulism, clinical reality often predicates the consideration of splinting teeth and implants due to variables of tooth/implant location and available bone support. This article presents a review on biomechanical aspects of splinting teeth and some(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM There is much discussion in the dental literature concerning the effect of the impression technique on the accuracy of cast restorations. PURPOSE This study assessed the accuracy of 3 putty-wash impression techniques using the same impression material (polyvinyl siloxane) in a laboratory model. MATERIAL AND METHODS The 3 putty-wash(More)
A significant clinical consideration in the restoration of partial edentulism with implant and tooth-supported prostheses is whether implants and natural teeth abutments should be splinted, and if so, in what manner. This article presents a review of laboratory and clinical studies related to splinting. Stress analysis studies reveal high stress(More)
Excessive heat generation at the implant-bone interface may cause irreversible bone damage and loss of osseointegration. The effect of heat generation in vitro at the implant surface caused by abutment reduction with medium- and extra-fine-grain diamond and tungsten burs in a high-speed dental turbine was examined. Titanium-alloy abutments connected to a(More)
A dentinal shoulder with a smooth surface is necessary to ensure accurate adaptation of a porcelain crown. The surface roughness of dentinal shoulders prepared with different instruments was investigated in this in vitro study. Sixty shoulders, 1 mm wide, were prepared with coarse grit diamonds in extracted formalin-stored teeth. Of these 60 shoulders 20(More)
The authors investigated the length of time medicated displacement cord should remain in the gingival crevice prior to impression making. A silk cord (Deknatel) was placed into the sulcus and was not removed during the study. Medicated cords (Hemodent on Ultrapak #1) were placed into the gingival sulcus for 2, 4, 6, and 8 minutes. Following cord removal,(More)
Although there are different definitions of posterior bite collapse, only the classical definition of Amsterdam provides a definite diagnosis and treatment plan. This situation entails a subtle loss of the occlusal vertical dimension with resultant flaring of the maxillary incisors. Other causes for flaring, such as derangements of form and functions of(More)
Excessive heat generation at the implant-bone interface may cause bone damage and compromise osseointegration. Autopolymerizing acrylic resins are commonly used intraorally to join impression copings and suprastructure components for soldering. The effect of heat generation at the implant surface related to the exothermic setting reaction of(More)
An impression of the margins of a prepared tooth and adjacent gingival sulcus must be of sufficient thickness to withstand distortion and tearing when the impression is removed from the mouth. The purpose of this study was to compare the dimensional accuracy of Elite, Examix, and Express polyvinyl siloxanes; Permadyne polyether; and Permlastic polysulfide(More)