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Electrophoretic analysis of EcoRI and HindIII restriction fragments of 2-mum supercoiled DNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae indicated that this class of DNA is heterogeneous and probably consists of two types of molecules. Integration of the 2-mum yeast DNA in E. coli plasmid pCR1 directly showed that existence of two types of molecules as each of these could(More)
It has been shown that sphingolipid activator proteins (SAPs) 1 and 2 are encoded on the same gene along with two other putative activator proteins [Fürst, Machleidt & Sandhoff (1988) Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler 369, 317-328 and O'Brien, Kretz, Dewji, Wenger, Esch & Fluharty (1988) Science 241, 1098-1101]. We have undertaken further biochemical investigations(More)
Niemann-Pick type C disease (NP-C) is a rare, autosomal recessive lipid storage disorder. At least 96% of all NP-C patients link to NPC1 which encodes for a lysosomally-targeted protein. We describe the complete genomic sequence of 57,052 kb corresponding to the transcribed region of human NPC1 including several exonic and intronic single nucleotide(More)
A girl aged 12 y, 9 mo, suffered from a progressive neurodegenerative disorder marked by ataxia, extrapyramidal symptoms, and convulsions. A skin biopsy showed axonal pathology that emphasized axonal segments enlarged by mitochondria, dense bodies, and lysosomal residual bodies of the membranous cytoplasmic body type. This ultrastructural pathology(More)
The minicell-producing Escherichia coli strain P 678-54 was transformed with a series of defined PTY chimeric plasmids consisting of yeast 2-micron DNA and E. coli plasmid pCR1. In minicells the integrated 2-micron DNA from yeast directed specifically the synthesis of six polypeptides with apparent molecular weights of 15,000, 17,500, 20,000, 22,000,(More)
Tay-Sachs disease is a genetically determined neurodegenerative disorder, resulting from mutations of the hexosaminidase (Hex) A gene coding for the alpha-subunit of beta-D-N-acetyl-hexosaminidase. Clinically, there is severe encephalomyelopathy leading to death within the first few years of life. Hex A activity is usually absent in tissue and body fluids(More)
The mode of expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae of the bacterial antibiotic resistance gene coding for beta-lactamase (EC 3.5.2.6) is described. Yeast transformants, containing hybrid plasmid pMP78-1 consisting of pBR325 in a 2-micrometers DNA vector, synthesize an active beta-lactamase protein. The enzyme was purified about 100-fold over crude extracts.(More)
A 4-year old boy died of diffuse disseminated sclerosis (DDS) of the brain and was found to have also pseudoarylsulfatase A deficiency (PASAD) with about 20% residual arylsulfatase A (ASA) and cerebroside sulfatase (CS) activity. The reexamination of lipids did not show any sulfatide accumulation in the patient's organ extracts. Although the residual CS(More)
Two patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (MEP) serve to emphasize the variability of this group of diseases. Cerebral insults, mitochondrial cardiopathy, relapsing ileus, cerebral angioma, ataxia, and myoclonic seizures characterized the first case of an adult man with similar diseases in his family, interpreted as transitional form between(More)
BACKGROUND Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a rare, genetic neurodegenerative disease. It leads to progressive demyelination resulting in regression of development and early death. With regard to experimental therapies, knowledge of the natural course of the disease is highly important. We aimed to analyse onset and character of first symptoms in MLD(More)