Birgit Knebel

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The classic sterol regulatory cis element (sre-1) in the LDL receptor promoter mediates sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-binding and the effects of insulin and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF). To elucidate whether SREBP-1a and SREBP-2 play a direct role in insulin and PDGF action, stable cell lines of HepG2 deficient in either SREBP-1(More)
The pathogenesis of fatty liver is not understood in detail, but lipid overflow as well as de novo lipogenesis (DNL) seem to be the key points of hepatocyte accumulation of lipids. One key transcription factor in DNL is sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1c. We generated mice with liver-specific over-expression of mature human SREBP-1c under(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation. The genetic background of the insulin resistance frequently associated with PCOS is unclear. OBJECTIVES To examine the influe nce of the Pro12Ala polymorphism of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), which is thought to(More)
The transcription factor sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-2 plays a pivotal role in lipid metabolism. Previously, we have shown that the mature form of SREBP-2 is a substrate of Erk-mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). The aim of the present study was to identify Erk-specific phosphorylation sites. Using a protein chemistry approach,(More)
UNLABELLED Major causes of lipid accumulation in liver are increased import or synthesis or decreased catabolism of fatty acids. The latter is caused by dysfunction of cellular organelles controlling energy homeostasis, i.e., mitochondria. Peroxisomes also appear to be an important organelle in lipid metabolism of hepatocytes, but little is known about(More)
Friedreich's ataxia is the most common hereditary ataxia and is frequently associated with disturbances of glucose metabolism. This autosomal recessive disease is caused by the decreased expression of a mitochondrial protein, frataxin, encoded by the X25 gene. Homozygous expansion of a GAA repeat in the first intron of X25 inhibits frataxin expression and(More)
Ribosomal subunit kinases (Rsk) have been implicated in the regulation of transcription by phosphorylating and thereby activating numerous transcription factors, such as c-Fos, cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB), and nuclear receptors. Here we describe the generation and characterization of immortalized embryonic fibroblast cell lines from mice(More)
The effect of insulin and growth factor mediated signaling to gene regulation was investigated in cultured fibroblasts of a patient with a premature aging syndrome (metageria) and severe insulin resistance. Insulin receptor structure and function as well as major pathways activated by insulin, i.e. phosphatidyl inositol-3 kinase (PI-3 K) cascade or(More)
Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations within the insulin binding domain of the human insulin receptor (INSR) are usually associated with severe impairment of insulin binding leading to Donohue syndrome ("Leprechaunism"), which is characterized by excessive hyperglycemia with hyperinsulinism, pre- and postnatal growth retardation, distinct(More)
The skeletal muscle is a metabolically active tissue that secretes various proteins. These so-called myokines have been proposed to affect muscle physiology and to exert systemic effects on other tissues and organs. Yet, changes in the secretory profile may participate in the pathophysiology of metabolic diseases. The present study aimed at characterizing(More)