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The pathogenesis of fatty liver is not understood in detail, but lipid overflow as well as de novo lipogenesis (DNL) seem to be the key points of hepatocyte accumulation of lipids. One key transcription factor in DNL is sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1c. We generated mice with liver-specific over-expression of mature human SREBP-1c under(More)
The transcription factor sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1a plays a pivotal role in lipid metabolism. Using the SREBP-1a expressing human hepatoma cell line HepG2 we have shown previously that human SREBP-1a is phosphorylated at serine 117 by ERK-mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). Using a combination of cell biology and protein(More)
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine-metabolic disorder consisting of reproductive disturbances associated with all aspects of the metabolic syndrome and genetic components in the pathology of this complex disease is very likely. Accordingly, variations in single genes might affect specific features of PCOS and thereby help to define(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) or Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare genetic syndrome characterized by the absence of adipose tissue. As CGL is thought to be related to malfunctions in adipocyte development, genes involved in the mechanisms of adipocyte biology and maintenance or differentiation of adipocytes,(More)
Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is an autosomal dominant form of non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus caused by mutations in at least 13 different genes. The hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1α gene is affected in the most common form (HNF1A-MODY [MODY3]). We describe the co-inheritance of a novel heterozygous missense mutation c.1761C > G(More)
Polygenic diseases with a broad phenotypic spectrum, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), present a particular challenge in terms of identifying the underlying genetic mechanisms, nevertheless genetic variants have impact on the individual phenotype. We aimed to determine if next to genetic variations like SNPs further mechanisms might play a role in(More)
AIMS In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), responsiveness of serum lipid concentrations to dietary patterns may vary by genotype. The aims of the present study were to identify explorative dietary patterns and to examine their independent associations with serum lipid levels and interactions with apolipoprotein (Apo)A5 and ApoE variants among patients(More)
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