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In August 2006, Bluetongue virus disease (BTD) was detected for the first time in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Northern France. Serological tests as well as reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) proved the occurrence of Bluetongue virus (BTV) in diseased sheep and cattle, and the virus was identified as serotype 8. Therefore, the(More)
Recently, it was demonstrated that the coxsackievirus B3 variant PD (CVB3 PD) is able to infect coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR)-lacking cells by using heparan sulfates (HS) as additional receptors (A. E. Zautner, U. Korner, A. Henke, C. Badorff, and M. Schmidtke, J. Virol. 77:10071-10077, 2003). For this study, competition experiments with growth(More)
Exogenous application of recombinant TIMP-1 protein modified by addition of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor allows efficient insertion of the fusion protein into cell membranes. This 'cell surface engineering' leads to changes in the proteolytic environment. TIMP-1-GPI shows enhanced as well as novel in vitro biological activities including(More)
Classical swine fever (CSF) in wild boar repeatedly appeared in different federal states of the Federal Republic of Germany since 1995, from which it has been successfully eradicated sometimes fast, sometimes in a more time taking way using oral immunization as a main element of control. Since 2005 the cases focused solely on North Rhine-Westphalia and(More)
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