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Two pumps, 'PA' and 'PB,' with different drug delivery characteristics were available at the time of this study for patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). PB purportedly produces a 'placebo effect' by emitting an audible signal whenever the patient depresses the trigger button. PA emits an audible signal only when the drug is successfully administered into the(More)
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the digestive tract. The majority of GISTs is located in the stomach. Only 3-5% of GISTs are located in the duodenum associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding as primary manifestation. With response rates of up to 90%, but complications like(More)
Massive pulmonary embolism associated with total cardiovascular collapse occurred during the surgical repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with an aortocaval fistula. Pulmonary artery pressure monitoring permitted immediate diagnosis whereas central venous pressures did not reflect the obstruction to right ventricular outflow. Pulmonary(More)
PURPOSES An abdominal inflammatory focus is the second most often source of sepsis with a high risk of death in surgical intensive care units. By establishing evidence-based bundled strategies the surviving sepsis campaign provided an optimized rapid and continuous treatment of these emergency patients. Hereby the hospital mortality decreased from 35 to 30(More)
Catecholamine and serotonin concentrations in the cord, medulla, and hypothalamus were measured in rats after saline, after sufentanil sufficient to reduce the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of halothane by 30% or less, or after sufentanil sufficient to reduce the MAC of halothane by 80% or more. In the cord, high doses of sufentanil resulted in a(More)
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