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Neutrophils are important effector cells in immunity to microorganisms, particularly bacteria. Here, we show that the process of neutrophil apoptosis is delayed in several inflammatory diseases, suggesting that this phenomenon may represent a general feature contributing to the development of neutrophilia, and, therefore, in many cases to host defense(More)
It has been suggested that Fas ligand-Fas receptor interactions are involved in the regulation of eosinophil apoptosis and that dysfunctions in this system could contribute to the accumulation of these cells in allergic and asthmatic diseases. Here, we demonstrate that nitric oxide (NO) specifically prevents Fas receptor-mediated apoptosis in freshly(More)
Cytokine-mediated inhibition of eosinophil apoptosis is a mechanism causing tissue eosinophilia. Previously published work suggested that activation of the Lyn-Ras-Raf-1-MAP kinase pathway is obligatory for prevention of eosinophil apoptosis by eosinophil hematopoietins. We demonstrate herein that activation of freshly isolated human blood eosinophils by(More)
Eosinophils are potent inflammatory cells involved in allergic reactions. Inhibition of apoptosis of purified eosinophils by certain cytokines has been previously shown to be an important mechanism causing tissue eosinophilia. To elucidate the role of Bcl-2 family members in the inhibition of eosinophil apoptosis, we examined the expression of the known(More)
Fas ligand/Fas receptor molecular interactions have been implicated as having an important function for the regulation of eosinophil apoptosis. The purpose of the present study was to investigate biochemical events triggered by the engagement of the Fas receptor in freshly isolated human and mouse eosinophils. Activation of the Fas receptor on eosinophils(More)
A subgroup of patients with atopic dermatitis are known to have normal serum total immunoglobulin E levels, undetectable specific immunoglobulin E, and negative skin prick tests towards allergens. This form of the disease has been termed nonallergic atopic dermatitis. In this study, we found that, among 1151 chronic atopic dermatitis patients, about 10% had(More)