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Olive (Olea europaea L.) trees are mainly propagated by adventitious rooting of semi-hardwood cuttings. However, efficient commercial propagation of valuable olive tree cultivars or landraces by semi-hardwood cuttings can often be restricted by a low rooting capacity. We hypothesize that root induction is a plant cell reaction linked to oxidative stress and(More)
Investigations were performed on growth phase-dependent EcoRII site-specific DNA methylation of the carrot genome during primary culture to elucidate physiological aspects of genome DNA variability in tissue culture. While DNA methylation of the root cambium and the secondary phloem and petioles of carrot leaves were strikingly different, the methylation(More)
Systematic investigations on the occurrence of differential DNA replication in carrot cultures, expressed at the total genome level, were performed. The genome of Daucus carota L. could be characterized by a pattern of repetitive BstNI fragments that was independent of tissue specificity or cultivar differences. Characterization of the genomic DNA of the(More)
A classification scheme based on protein phylogenies and sequence harmony method was used to clarify the taxonomic distribution and evolutionary history of the alternative oxidase (AOX) in angiosperms. A large data set analyses showed that AOX1 and AOX2 subfamilies were distributed into 4 phylogenetic clades: AOX1a-c/1e, AOX1d, AOX2a-c and AOX2d. High(More)
Rapid genomic DNA variation due to methylation and copy number alteration was observed in carrot root explants 6 h after inoculation and during a 36-h period of exponential callus growth. De novo methylation and amplification of restricted BspNI fragments of low molecular weight occurred before cell cycle activation and should, therefore, be independent of(More)
Abbreviations: 2,4-D: 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid ABA: abscisic acid ABI3: ABI gene family member 3 ANP1: Arabidopsis NPK1-like protein kinase AP: ascorbate peroxidase AOX: alternative oxidase DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid Fe-EDTA: ferric ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid M: molar concentration MAPK: mitogen-activated protein kinase NO: Nitric oxide PGRs:(More)
When the proper stimuli are given, somatic plant cells may form adventitious embryos, roots or shoots. The three pathways of regeneration show apparent similarities. They consist of three analogous phases: 1) dedifferentiation (during which the tissue becomes competent to respond to the organogenic/embryogenic stimulus), 2) induction (during which cells(More)
Alternative oxidase (AOX) has been proposed as a functional marker candidate in a number of events involving cell differentiation, including rooting efficiency in semi-hardwood shoot cuttings of olive (Olea europaea L.). To ascertain the general importance of AOX in olive rooting, the auxin-induced rooting process was studied in an in vitro system for(More)
Reverse transcription-quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) is a widely used technique for gene expression analysis. The reliability of this method depends largely on the suitable selection of stable reference genes for accurate data normalization. Hypericum perforatum L. (St. John's wort) is a field growing plant that is frequently exposed to a variety of(More)
Recent interest in breeding strategies for Hypericum perforatum L. requires a better understanding of the floral biology of this medicinal plant. The aim of the present study was to check, whether RAPD fingerprinting may be a useful tool for research on the mode of reproduction of this species. Progenies from three defined single plants of two accessions,(More)