Birgit Øvstebø Engesaeter

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A photosensitizer is defined as a chemical entity, which upon absorption of light induces a chemical or physical alteration of another chemical entity. Some photosensitizers are utilized therapeutically such as in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and for diagnosis of cancer (fluorescence diagnosis, FD). PDT is approved for several cancer indications and FD has(More)
This article reviews a novel technology, named photochemical internalisation (PCI), for light-induced delivery of genes, proteins and many other classes of therapeutic molecules. Degradation of macromolecules in endocytic vesicles after uptake by endocytosis is a major intracellular barrier for the therapeutic application of macromolecules having(More)
The development of methods for efficient and specific delivery of therapeutic genes into target tissues is an important issue for further development of in vivo gene therapy. In the present study, the physical targeting technique, photochemical internalization (PCI), has been used together with adenovirus. The combination of PCI and adenoviral transduction(More)
The utilisation of macromolecules in the therapy of cancer and other diseases is becoming increasingly important. Recent advances in molecular biology and biotechnology have made it possible to improve targeting and design of cytotoxic agents, DNA complexes and other macromolecules for clinical applications. In many cases the targets of macromolecular(More)
BACKGROUND The development of methods for specific delivery of genes into target tissues is an important issue for the further progress of gene therapy. Biological and physical targeting techniques may be combined to redirect gene therapy vectors to specific cells and enhance gene transfer. METHODS The polymer poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate)(More)
Poor efficiency of adenoviral gene transfer to target cells is a major limitation to adenoviral gene therapy. Inefficient gene transfer occurs in the absence of coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR) on the cell surface, and can be overcome by enhancing viral entry with cationic molecules. Recombinant adenovirus (Ad) noncovalently complexed with(More)
Photochemical internalization (PCI) enhances adenovirus (Ad) transgene expression in a variety of cell lines in vitro. However, measurements of the photochemical effect on transduction in multicellular environments are lacking. In this study, spheroids of DU 145 prostate cancer cells were used as a model to evaluate Ad serotype 5 (Ad5) transduction in a(More)
Photochemical internalization (PCI) is a new technology, where certain photosensitizing substances (photosensitizers) are used to improve the utilization of macromolecules for cancer therapy, in a site-specific manner. Degradation of macromolecules in endocytic vesicles after uptake by endocytosis is a major intracellular barrier for the therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND In the present study the physical targeting technique photochemical internalization (PCI) has been used in combination with adenovirus. We have previously shown that PCI enhances transgene expression from AdhCMV-lacZ, and the aim of the present study was to further increase the understanding of photochemically mediated adenoviral transduction. (More)
Tumor targeting is an important issue in cancer gene therapy. We have developed a light-specific transduction method, named photochemical internalization (PCI), to enhance gene expression from adenoviral vectors selectively in illuminated areas. Tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been shown to induce apoptosis in cancer(More)
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