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Despite technological changes and improved management, piglet mortality remains a problem for both production and welfare. Most preweaning mortality occurs within the first 3 days after birth because of problems with adaptation and development. Thus, the purpose of our study was to determine the physiologic state of newborn pigs with respect to piglet(More)
Social stress during early postnatal life often results in long-term effects on neuroendocrine and immune adaptation mechanisms. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the influence of a 2-h daily social isolation from Day 3 to Day 11 on the acute and long-term proinflammatory and neuroendocrine responses of piglets challenged with the(More)
The paper presents a new system for the automatic monitoring of open field activity and choice behaviour of medium-sized animals. Passive infrared motion detectors (PID) were linked on-line via a digital I/O interface to a personal computer provided with self-developed analysis software based on LabVIEW (PID technique). The set up was used for testing 18(More)
In domestic pigs, vocalisation can be an indicator of distress and negative emotional states. It might play a role in the transfer of emotion between individuals ('emotional contagion' or 'empathy'), which could result in impaired animal welfare on a group level based on the distress in an individual member of the group. The aim of this study was to(More)
Stress in the form of intermittent maternal deprivation and social isolation during early postnatal life in rats and monkeys produces persistent changes in physiology and behaviour. In farm animals physiological consequences of disrupting mother-infant interactions with respect to health and animal welfare are relatively unknown. Therefore, the aim of the(More)
Contemporary work in medical decision support is characterized by a multitude of methods. To investigate their relative strengths and weaknesses, we built four diagnostic expert systems based on different methods (Bayes, case-based classification, heuristic classification) for analysis of the same set of 1254 cases of acute abdominal pain previously(More)
The effects of social rank on immune, metabolic, and endocrine responses were studied in 10 newly mixed groups of German Landrace pigs (9 individuals each) at an age of 12 weeks. Immediately after mixing, the agonistic interactions (AI) of all group members were continuously recorded over 3 days (10 h daily). An individual dominance value (DV) was(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the effects of a single social isolation (4h) of piglets on immediate changes in stress hormones and immune responses at 7, 21 or 35 days of age. This social stressor caused an increase in plasma ACTH and cortisol concentrations and a decrease in plasma TNF-alpha. The percentage of CD8+ cells increased and the CD4+ cell(More)
The impact of a 10-h social confrontation on behavior, plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol was studied in 14 domestic pigs (eight castrated males and six females) with prior dominance experience. Prior to the experiments, animal groups, each consisting of nine growing pigs (12 weeks old) from different litters, were composed randomly. After 5(More)
Studies on animal temperament have often described temperament using a one-dimensional scale, whereas theoretical framework has recently suggested two or more dimensions using terms like "valence" or "arousal" to describe these dimensions. Yet, the valence or assessment of a situation is highly individual. The aim of this study was to provide support for(More)