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—A speech pause detection algorithm is an important and sensitive part of most single-microphone noise reduction schemes for enhancement of speech signals corrupted by additive noise as an estimate of the background noise is usually determined when speech is absent. An algorithm is proposed which detects speech pauses by adaptively tracking minima in a(More)
A German sentence test was developed which is comprised of 20 test lists of ten sentences each. The test corpus is a selection from sentences for speech quality evaluation recorded with a male unschooled speaker. Performance-intensity curves were measured for each individual sentence in a speech-simulating babble noise with a total of 40 normal-hearing(More)
This study examines auditory brainstem responses (ABR) elicited by rising frequency chirps. The time course of frequency change for the chirp theoretically produces simultaneous displacement maxima by compensating for travel-time differences along the cochlear partition. This broadband chirp was derived on the basis of a linear cochlea model [de Boer,(More)
The minimum standard deviations achievable for concurrent estimates of thresholds and psychometric function slopes as well as the optimal target values for adaptive procedures are calculated as functions of stimulus level and track length on the basis of the binomial theory. The optimum pair of targets for a concurrent estimate is found at the correct(More)
Experiments and model calculations were performed to study the influence of within-channel cues versus across-channel cues in comodulation masking release (CMR). A class of CMR experiments is considered that are characterized by a single (unmodulated or modulated) bandpass noise masker with variable bandwidth centered at the signal frequency. A(More)
The dependence of binaurally evoked auditory brain stem responses and the binaural difference potential on simultaneously presented interaural time and level differences is investigated in order to assess the representation of stimulus lateralization in the brain stem. Auditory brain stem responses to binaural click stimuli with all combinations of three(More)
Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) were obtained for different azimuths of up to three interfering sound sources in a simulated ("virtual") spatial arrangement. For the SRT measurements a fast subjective threshold assessment method was used. The reduction in SRT relative to the reference threshold caused by spatial separation of target and interference(More)
A novel approach for analyzing and filtering speech is described and evaluated which utilizes the "modulation spectrogram," i.e., the two-dimensional representation of modulation frequencies versus center frequency as a function of time. This approach is based on physiological findings of a tonotopical organization of modulation frequencies perpendicular to(More)
In an attempt to increase the robustness of automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems, a feature extraction scheme is proposed that takes spectro-temporal modulation frequencies (MF) into account. This physiologically inspired approach uses a two-dimensional filter bank based on Gabor filters, which limits the redundant information between feature(More)