Birendra Shrivastav

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P-glycoprotein is involved with the removal of drugs, most of them cations, from the plasma membrane and cytoplasm. Pgp is also associated with movement of ATP, an anion, from the cytoplasm to the extracellular space. The central question of this study is whether drug and ATP transport associated with the expression of Pgp are in any way coupled. We have(More)
The amplitude of post-synaptic potentials at an identified synapse in the Aplysia central nervous system can be modulated by the application of hydrostatic pressure. Postsynaptically controlled functions, including responses to acetylcholine and the time course of decay of the synaptic responses, remain unaffected by compression. In contrast, frequency(More)
Changes in the fluorescence of two N-arylaminonapthalenesulfonate dyes, ANS and TNS, were measured during the action potential and during voltage clamp steps in giant axons from the squid. We hoped to obtain information about alterations in membrane structure that occur during activity. The fluorescence changes of both dyes appeared to be closely related to(More)
The mode of action of trichloroethylene on electrical properties of squid giant axons has been studied by means of voltage clamp techniques. Trichloroethylene decreased the resting membrane potential in a manner dependent upon the concentration, the depolarization by 50% saturated trichloroethylene attaining 28.4 and 32.7% of the initial value at 20 and 10(More)
The node of action of ketamine on the nerve membrane has been studied in intact and internally perfused squid giant axons at 10-12 degrees C. Voltage clamp techniques have been employed to measure the maximal values of peak transient and steady-state conductances as an index of activity and to measure the apparent reversal potential for peak transient(More)
Autoactive neurons in the central nervous system of Helix and Aplysia were studied after exposure to several volatile anesthetics and under compression by mineral oil. Voltage clamp studies reveal that halothane will eliminate the slow inward current that underlies oscillatory activity in burster neurons, while high pressure shifts the negative resistance(More)
A modular high-pressure chamber is described. This chamber will allow stable microelectrode recordings to be made for a variety of intracellular preparations at pressure of 200-300 atmospheres absolute. Its features include internal temperature control, easy visibility, continuous perfusion, electrical penetrations, and manipulation of several internal(More)