Birendra Prasad Shaw

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Despite wealth of information generated on salt tolerance mechanism, its basics still remain elusive. Thus, there is a need of continued effort to understand the salt tolerance mechanism using suitable biotechnological techniques and test plants (species) to enable development of salt tolerant cultivars of interest. Therefore, the present study was(More)
Phaseolus aureus Roxb. was exposed to HgCl2 and Cd(NO3)2 either at the germination stage in concentration 0.5, 5 and 25 μM for 48 and 96 h, or at the seedling stage (5th day of germination) in concentration 0.5, 5 and 20 μM for 6, 24 and 48 h. The germination and the growth of roots (germination stage treatment) were less in Hg than in Cd treatment. The(More)
The effects of NaCl on the H2O2 content and the activities of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were studied in diverse group of plants, such as a unicellular alga, Chlorella sp., an aquatic macrophyte, Najas graminea, and a mangrove plant, Suaeda maritima, all showing high tolerance to NaCl. Significant accumulation of H2O2 was observed in all(More)
To look into a possible involvement of plasma membrane H+ATPase (PM-H+ATPase, EC in mitigation of physiological disturbances imposed by salt stress, response of the enzyme was studied in two Oryza sativa Indica cultivars, salt-tolerant Lunishri and non-tolerant Badami, and a natural halophyte Suaeda maritima after challenge of the young plants with(More)
Although miRNAs are reportedly involved in the salt stress tolerance of plants, miRNA profiling in plants has largely remained restricted to glycophytes, including certain crop species that do not exhibit any tolerance to salinity. Hence, this manuscript describes the results from the miRNA profiling of the halophyte Suaeda maritima, which is used worldwide(More)
The role of proline in imparting tolerance to salinity was investigated in Hydrilla verticillata, Najas indica and Najas gramenia. The plants were exposed to different concentrations of NaCl and artificial sea water (SWS) separately. The chlorophyll (Chl) a/b ratio decreased significantly in all the three plant species in both NaCl and SWS treatments,(More)
Grain yields in modern super rice cultivars do not always meet the expectations because many spikelets are located on secondary branches in closely packed homogeneous distribution in these plants, and they do not fill properly. The factors limiting grain filling of such spikelets, especially in the lower panicle branches, are elusive. Two long-duration rice(More)
Breeding programs for increasing spikelet number in rice have resulted in compactness of the panicle, accompanied by poor grain filling in inferior spikelets. Although the inefficient utilization of assimilate has been indicated as responsible for this poor grain filling, the underlying cause remains elusive. The current study utilized the suppression(More)
The present work investigated the effect of NaCl and seawater salinity (SWS) on accumulation of proline and glycinebetaine (betaine) and expression of two key enzymes of their biosynthetic pathway, betainealdehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) and Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) in two aquatic macrophytes, salt-tolerant Najas gramenia and(More)
Effects of seawater salinity (SWS) and pure NaCl on the intracellular contents of Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, chlorophylls (Chl) and carotenoids (Car) were studied in three submerged aquatic macrophytes, Hydrilla verticillata, Najas indica and Najas gramenia, which differed in their tolerance to salinity. NaCl resulted in significant increase in Chl/Car ratio in(More)