Birbilis George

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In early surgical attempts to create a neoanal sphincter for patients who are faecally incontinent, skeletal muscle (usually the gracilis) has been transposed around the anal canal. Despite modifications, such as intermittent electrical stimulation, this procedure is likely to fail because the fast-twitch gracilis muscle is incapable of prolonged(More)
PURPOSE Long-course preoperative radiotherapy has been recommended for rectal carcinoma when there is concern about the ability to perform a curative resection, for example, in larger tethered tumors or those sited anteriorly or near the anal sphincter. "Downstaging" of the tumor may occur, and this is of importance when estimating the prognosis and(More)
To determine the effect of speakers' attempts to disguise their voices on listeners' accuracy in age judgments, 26 speakers, 13 females and 13 males, recorded six sentences under three conditions: (a) in a normal manner, actually were, and (c) in a manner in which they attempted to sound much older than they actually were. Three master tapes were(More)
AIM The modified Delphi approach is an established method for reaching a consensus opinion among a group of experts in a particular field. We have used this technique to survey the entire membership of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland (ACPGBI) to reach a consensus on prioritizing clinical research questions in colorectal(More)
This paper presents the process of developing an institutional repository online service in the context of open and distance tertiary education. It describes lessons learned and experience gained from this process, which involved not only technological but also social and organizational parameters, as well as cognitive factors. Other higher education(More)
Fifteen patients under the age of 20 years underwent transcranial revascularisation surgery: 13 presented with acute strokes or recurrent transient neurological events, one with progressive dementia and one with recurrent syncope. Five underwent unilateral and seven bilateral anastomosis of the superficial temporal artery to a branch of the middle cerebral(More)
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