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In this paper, we propose a new spatio-temporal gait representation, called Gait Energy Image (GEI), to characterize human walking properties for individual recognition by gait. To address the problem of the lack of training templates, we also propose a novel approach for human recognition by combining statistical gait features from real and synthetic(More)
Human ear is a new class of relatively stable biometrics that has drawn researchers' attention recently. In this paper, we propose a complete human recognition system using 3D ear biometrics. The system consists of 3D ear detection, 3D ear identification, and 3D ear verification. For ear detection, we propose a new approach which uses a single reference 3D(More)
Most of the current image retrieval systems use \one-shot" queries to a database to retrieve similar images. Typically a K-nearest neighbor kind of algorithm is used, where weights measuring feature importance along each input dimension remain xed (or manually tweaked by the user), in the computation of a given similarity metric. However, the similarity(More)
This paper introduces an integrated local surface descriptor for surface representation and 3D object recognition. A local surface descriptor is characterized by its centroid, its local surface type and a 2D histogram. The 2D histogram shows the frequency of occurrence of shape index values vs. the angles between the normal of reference feature point and(More)
In this paper we present an Adaptive approach for image segmentation using genetic algorithm, a natural evolutionary approach for optimisation problems. In addition, method of implementing genetic algorithm has also been reviewed with a summary of research work on Adaptive approach for image segmentation techniques. We have proposed an efficient color image(More)
This paper presents a novel approach for human recognition by combining statistical gait features from real and synthetic templates. Real templates are directly computed from training silhouette sequences, while synthetic templates are generated from training sequences by simulating silhouette distortion. A statistical feature extraction approach is used(More)
—This paper is concerned with accurate and efficient indexing of fingerprint images. We present a model-based approach, which efficiently retrieves correct hypotheses using novel features of triangles formed by the triplets of minutiae as the basic representation unit. The triangle features that we use are its angles, handedness, type, direction, and(More)
Ear is a new class of relatively stable biometric that is invariant from childhood to early old age (8 to 70). It is not affected with facial expressions, cosmetics and eye glasses. In this paper, we introduce a two-step ICP (Iterative Closest Point) algorithm for matching 3D ears. In the first step, the helix of the ear in 3D images is detected. The ICP(More)
In this paper, we investigate human repetitive activity properties from thermal infrared imagery, where human motion can be easily detected from the background regardless of lighting conditions and colors of the human surfaces and backgrounds. We employ an efficient spatiotemporal representation for human repetitive activity recognition, which represents(More)