Binod Kumar Bharati

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Arabinomannan-containing glycolipids, relevant to the mycobacterial cell-wall component lipoarabinomannan, were synthesized by chemical methods. The glycolipids were presented with tri- and tetrasaccharide arabinomannans as the sugar portion and a double alkyl chain as the lyophilic portion. Following synthesis, systematic biological and biophysical studies(More)
Arabinofuranosides constitute one of the important components of cell wall structures of mycobacteria. With this importance of arabinofuranosides in mind, alkyl glycosides bearing arabinofuranoside trisaccharides were prepared, wherein the sugars were presented either in the monovalent or bivalent forms. Following the synthesis, the monovalent and bivalent(More)
Oligoarabinofuranoside-containing glycolipids relevant to mycobacterial cell wall components were synthesized in order to understand the functional roles of such glycolipids. A series of linear tetra-, hexa-, octa- and a branched heptasaccharide oligoarabinofuranosides, with 1 → 2 and 1 → 5 α-linkages between the furanoside residues, were synthesized by(More)
Surfactant protein A (SP-A), which is a lung innate immune system component, is known to bind glycolipids present at the cell surface of a mycobacterial pathogen. Lipoarabinomannan (LAM), a component of mycobacterial thick, waxy cell wall, is one of the glycolipid ligands for SP-A. In order to assess binding of synthetic glycolipids with SP-A and the(More)
The bacterial second messenger cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) plays an important role in a variety of cellular functions, including biofilm formation, alterations in the cell surface, host colonization and regulation of bacterial flagellar motility, which enable bacteria to survive changing environmental conditions. The cellular level of(More)
Bacterial small RNAs (sRNAs) have been implicated in various aspects of post-transcriptional gene regulation. Here, we demonstrate that sRNAs also act at the level of transcription termination. We use the rpoS gene, which encodes a general stress sigma factor σ(S), as a model system, and show that sRNAs DsrA, ArcZ, and RprA bind the rpoS 5'UTR to suppress(More)
C-di-GMP [Bis-(3'-5')-cyclic-dimeric-guanosine monophosphate], a second messenger is involved in intracellular communication in the bacterial species. As a result several multi-cellular behaviors in both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria are directly linked to the intracellular level of c-di-GMP. The cellular concentration of c-di-GMP is maintained(More)
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