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The NLRP3 inflammasome has a fundamental role in host defence against microbial pathogens and its deregulation may cause diverse inflammatory diseases. NLRP3 protein expression is a rate-limiting step for inflammasome activation, thus its expression must be tightly controlled to maintain immune homeostasis and avoid detrimental effects. However, how NLRP3(More)
In the present study, by using a serologic proteomic analysis, we identified phosphoglycerate mutase isozyme B (PGAM-B) as a putative target of autoantibodies in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). To evaluate whether the identified autoantigen is crucial for AIH, we cloned PGAM-B cDNA and expressed the recombinant protein in Escherichia coli. The soluble PGAM-B(More)
The signaling adaptor MAVS forms prion-like aggregates to activate an innate antiviral immune response after viral infection. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate MAVS aggregation are poorly understood. Here we identified TRIM31, an E3 ubiquitin ligase of the TRIM family of proteins, as a regulator of MAVS aggregation. TRIM31 was recruited to(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein involved in both innate immunity and adaptive immunity. However, the function of OPN, especially the intracellular form OPN (iOPN) on innate antiviral immune response remains elusive. Here, we demonstrated that iOPN is an essential positive regulator to protect the host from virus infection. OPN deficiency or(More)
Redox modifications are key complexity-generating steps in the biosynthesis of natural products. The unique structure of rubratoxin A (1), many of which arise through redox modifications, make it a nanomolar inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). We identified the biosynthetic pathway of 1 and completely mapped the enzymatic sequence of redox reactions(More)
TBK1 is essential for interferon-β (IFN-β) production and innate antiviral immunity. Here we identified the T cell anergy-related E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF128 as a positive regulator of TBK1 activation. RNF128 directly interacted with TBK1 through its protease-associated (PA) domain and catalyzed the K63-linked polyubiquitination of TBK1, which led to TBK1(More)
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