Bingran Zhao

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The size and shape of the plant leaf is an important agronomic trait. To understand the molecular mechanism governing plant leaf shape, we characterized a classic rice (Oryza sativa) dwarf mutant named narrow leaf1 (nal1), which exhibits a characteristic phenotype of narrow leaves. In accordance with reduced leaf blade width, leaves of nal1 contain a(More)
The phytohormone cytokinin (CK) positively regulates the activity and function of the shoot apical meristem (SAM), which is a major parameter determining seed production. The rice (Oryza sativa L.) Gn1a/OsCKX2 (Grain number 1a/Cytokinin oxidase 2) gene, which encodes a cytokinin oxidase, has been identified as a major quantitative trait locus contributing(More)
Hybrid rice breeding offers an important strategy to improve rice production, in which the cultivation of a male sterile line is the key to the success of cross-breeding. CRISPR/Cas9 systems have been widely used in target-site genome editing, whereas their application for crop genetic improvement has been rarely reported. Here, using the CRISPR/Cas9(More)
Genetic diversity within parental lines of hybrid rice is the foundation of heterosis utilization and yield improvement. Previous studies have suggested that genetic diversity was narrow in cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS/A line) and restorer lines (R line) for Three-line hybrid rice. However, the genetic diversity within maintainer lines (B line), especially(More)
The comprehensive transcriptome analysis of rice female-sterile line and wild-type line ovule provides an important clue for exploring the regulatory network of the formation of rice fertile female gametophyte. Ovules are the female reproductive tissues of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and play a major role in sexual reproduction. To investigate the potential(More)
The future of rice breeding will likely be built on the basis of the further utilization of heterosis between elite cultivars and genetic resources from distant subspecies of rice. Previous studies have proved that exogenous genomic DNA transformation methods can be used to transfer genetic information from distant relatives (donor) into cultivated rice(More)
The transformation of distally related genomic DNAs into plant was proposed as a novel technique to breed new cultivars. For example, a restorer rice line, RB207, was successfully developed and stabilized through the transformation of genomic DNAs of Echinochloa crusgalli (E. crusgalli) into a rice line, R207. Although the phenotypes of this variant line(More)
The regulation of female fertility is an important field of rice sexual reproduction research. DNA methylation is an essential epigenetic modification that dynamically regulates gene expression during development processes. However, few reports have described the methylation profiles of female-sterile rice during ovule development. In this study, ovules(More)
Rice grain with excessive cadmium (Cd) is a major source of dietary Cd intake and a serious threat to health for people who consume rice as a staple food. The development of elite rice cultivars with consistently low Cd content is challenging for conventional breeding approaches, and new strategies urgently need to be developed. Here, we report the(More)
Hybrid rice is the dominant form of rice planted in China, and its use has extended worldwide since the 1970s. It offers great yield advantages and has contributed greatly to the world's food security. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying heterosis have remained a mystery. In this study we integrated genetics and omics analyses to determine the(More)