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Carboxymethyl cellulose is widely used in many industrial aspects and also in laboratory due to its good biocompatibility. However, special researches on infrared especially aiming at the hydrogen bonds structure of carboxymethyl cellulose were relatively poor. We demonstrate here a full view of infrared spectroscopy in the temperature range of 40–220 C,(More)
How droplet microfluidics can be used to fabricate solid-shelled microcapsules having precisely controlled release behavior is described. Glass capillary devices enable the production of monodisperse double emulsion drops, which can then be used as templates for microcapsule formation. The exquisite control afforded by microfluidics can be used to tune the(More)
Based on a detailed study of the fundamental vibrations in the mid-infrared (MIR) region and supported by NH-proton deuteration results, the assignment of the overtone and combination bands in the near-infrared (NIR) spectrum of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) is presented. Variable-temperature experiments and two-dimensional correlation infrared(More)
The mixture of ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, bmimBF4) and water (2.5%, molar fraction) under isothermal conditions at 80 degrees C was investigated by FTIR spectroscopy and two-dimensional correlation infrared spectroscopy (2D-IR) methods. Three regions were focused: the OH stretching band of water (3755-3300 cm (-1)), the(More)
The thermal behavior of a poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME) aqueous solution (30 wt %) during a heating-and-cooling cycle is studied using FTIR spectroscopy in combination with 2D correlation analysis. The FTIR spectral data of O-H, CH(3)-O, and C-H stretching vibration regions provide detailed changes of hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups of PVME. Hydrogen(More)
The thermosensitive phase separation of poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME) aqueous solutions has been investigated using near-infrared spectroscopy in combination with two-dimensional correlation analysis, and a two-step phase separation mechanism during gradual heating has been established. Two-dimensional near-infrared (2D NIR) analysis results indicate that(More)
Product reviews are very important for the sellers to make correct decisions. In order to help sellers detect the product reviews newly appearing in Internet, we propose a hierarchical product review detection method based on the keyword extraction. Taking the characteristic of the product reviews into account, this method firstly extracts the candidate(More)
Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) converts easily into a thermo-reversible gel through crystallization by standing at room temperature in cyclohexanone. In this study, the Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra were measured continuously at room temperature during the conversion of the solution into a gel. The IR difference spectra derived from these(More)
Microcapsules with core-shell structures are excellent vehicles for the encapsulation of active ingredients; however, the actives often leak out of these structures over time, without observable damage to them. We present a novel approach to enhancing the encapsulation of active ingredients inside microcapsules. We use two components that can form solid(More)
Soil microbial community can vary with different agricultural managements, which in turn can affect soil quality. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of long-term tillage practice (no tillage (NT) and conventional tillage (CT)) and crop rotation (maize-soybean (MS) rotation and monoculture maize (MM)) on soil microbial community(More)