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Mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 genes cause tuberous sclerosis, a benign tumour syndrome in humans. Tsc2 possesses a domain that shares homology with the GTPase-activating protein (GAP) domain of Rap1-GAP, suggesting that a GTPase might be the physiological target of Tsc2. Here we show that the small GTPase Rheb (Ras homologue enriched in brain) is a direct(More)
To investigate molecular mechanisms of human brain aging, brain proteins were isolated from postmortem human young and old brains and profiled by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). With the help of special software, five down-regulated protein spots in two-dimensional gel electrophoresis gels of old brains were found compared with young brains,(More)
It was well known that beta-amyloid (Abeta) and tau protein play an important role in pathological procedure of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a senile dementia. The growth inhibitory factor (GIF, also named metallothionein-3, MT-3) had been demonstrated to inhibit the outgrowth of cortex neurons in the medium with extract of the AD patient brain. In our(More)
The construction, purification, and characterization of dscuPA33khC, a bifunctional protein designed for thrombosis treatment is described. The chimera was designed to consist of a decorsin (platelet aggregation inhibitor), a low molecular mass (33kDa) single-chain urokinase (scuPA-33k), and a thrombin inhibitory domain. We have successfully produced this(More)
Metallothionein (MT), a low-molecular-weight, cysteine-rich, zinc-binding protein, has an important effect in the detoxification of various metals. However, extra Zn7-MT protects aginst the cellular toxicity of lead in rat primary hepatocyte (RPHC) culture has seldom been examined thoroughly. This study was therefore designed to determine the effects of(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are thought to participate in a wide variety of physiological roles, but the mechanisms involved are still unclear. The study was designed to examine the possible factors related to these mechanisms. Methods, including transfection, MTT assay and flow cytometry, were used to investigate the effect of MTs on cell viability and their(More)
Human brain proteins were isolated from left and right temporal cortex lobes at the age of 73, 23, 84 years and separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). 2-DE was carried out with an immobilized pH gradient strip in the first dimension and by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the second dimension. Over 800(More)
A glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion protein expression system for the production and purification of recombinant human trefoil factor family-domain peptide 3 (hTFF3) was established. The hTFF3 gene, prepared by PCR, was cloned into a pBluescript KS(+) plasmid, and inserted into a pGEX-4T-1 GST fusion vector. The GST-hTFF3 fusion protein was expressed(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs), as a family of low-molecular-weight, cysteine-rich, and metal-binding proteins, show potential for utilization in functional food. Tomato plants were transformed with gene constructs that contained mt-I encoding the mouse MT-I, similar in sense orientation with the constitutively active double 35S promoter from cauliflower mosaic(More)