Bingbing Jiang

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Resveratrol may protect against metabolic disease through activating SIRT1 deacetylase. Because we have recently defined AMPK activation as a key mechanism for the beneficial effects of polyphenols on hepatic lipid accumulation, hyperlipidemia, and atherosclerosis in type 1 diabetic mice, we hypothesize that polyphenol-activated SIRT1 acts upstream of AMPK(More)
AMPK has emerged as a critical mechanism for salutary effects of polyphenols on lipid metabolic disorders in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Here we demonstrate that AMPK interacts with and directly phosphorylates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBP-1c and -2). Ser372 phosphorylation of SREBP-1c by AMPK is necessary for inhibition of proteolytic(More)
Because polyphenols may have beneficial effects on dyslipidemia, which accelerates atherosclerosis in diabetes, we examined the effect of polyphenols on hepatocellular AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity and lipid levels, as well as hyperlipidemia and atherogenesis in type 1 diabetic LDL receptor-deficient mice (DMLDLR(-/-)). In HepG2 hepatocytes,(More)
Angiotensin II is implicated in pathophysiological processes associated with vascular injury and repair, which include regulating the expression of numerous NF-kappaB-dependent genes. The present study examined the effect of angiotensin II on interleukin-1beta-induced NF-kappaB activation and the subsequent expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and(More)
Angiotensin II (AII) increases production of reactive oxygen species from NAD(P)H oxidase, a response that contributes to vascular hypertrophy. Here we show in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells that S-glutathiolation of the redox-sensitive Cys(118) on the small GTPase, Ras, plays a critical role in AII-induced hypertrophic signaling. AII simultaneously(More)
Nitration of protein tyrosine residues (nY) is a marker of oxidative stress and may alter the biological activity of the modified proteins. The aim of this study was to develop antibodies toward site-specific nY-modified proteins and to use histochemistry and immunoblotting to demonstrate protein nitration in tissues. Affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies(More)
The role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) was studied in the signaling pathway by which interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) increases the expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) in rat vascular smooth muscle cells. IL-1beta induced a rapid and transient activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), followed by a prolonged activation of(More)
In cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells, sustained activation of ERK is required for interleukin-1beta to persistently activate NF-kappaB. Without ERK activation, interleukin-1beta induces only acute and transient NF-kappaB activation. The present study examined whether the temporal control of NF-kappaB activation by ERK could differentially regulate(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Sanqi ginseng (Panax notoginseng) growth is often hampered by replant failure. In this study, we aimed to examine the role of autotoxicity in Sanqi replant failures and assess the role of ginsenosides in autotoxicity. METHODS The autotoxicities were measured using seedling emergence bioassays and root cell vigor staining. The(More)
Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. While Hcy has been shown to promote endothelial dysfunction by decreasing the bioavailability of nitric oxide and increasing oxidative stress in the vasculature, the effects of Hcy on cardiomyocytes remain less understood. In this study we explored the effects of(More)