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OBJECTIVE The goal of the present study was to investigate the potential correlation between the expression level of upregulator of cell proliferation (URGCP/URG4) and the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to examine the biological function of URGCP/URG4 in the progression of HCC, to better understand its underlying molecular mechanism in(More)
BACKGROUND Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an autoimmune liver disease characterized by the presence of anti-mitocondrial autoantibodies (AMA) which has an essential role also for diagnosis. In addition, also some anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) have been shown to be highly specific PBC. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of PBC among(More)
Apoptotic injury participates in hepatic fibrosis, but the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. The present study aimed to investigate the role of inducible TIMP1 in the pathogenesis of hepatic apoptosis-fibrosis. Apoptosis was induced with GCDC, LPS, and alcohol in precision-cut liver slices or bile duct ligation (BDL) in rats, as reflected by(More)
It is very important to understand the mechanism of immune tolerance or hyporesponsiveness in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected individuals so as to treat HBV. In the present study we detected the cellular immune states of chronic asymptomatic HBV carriers and tried to probe their mechanisms and the strategy to promote their specific cellular immune(More)
IAPs are a group of regulatory proteins that are structurally related. Their conserved homologues have been identified in various organisms. In human, eight IAP members have been recognized based on baculoviral IAP repeat (BIR) domains. IAPs are key regulators of apoptosis, cytokinesis and signal transduction. The antiapoptotic property of IAPs depends on(More)
OBJECTIVE To study PD-1 and PD-L1 expressions during 24 weeks telbivudine antiviral treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and to explore the relationship between PD-1 expression and HBeAg/HBeAb seroconversion. METHODS Ten CHB cases with HLA-A2 and HBeAg positive were treated with telbivudine 600 mg/d orally for 24 weeks. Fresh blood samples(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a severe disease with high mortality. Immune injury plays an important role during the early stage of the disease. Our research aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of dexamethasone therapy for patients with HBV-related ACLF. METHODS A total of 134(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Although regulatory T cells (Treg) and interleukin-17-producing CD4 T cells (Th17) have been demonstrated to play opposing roles in inflammation-associated diseases, their frequency and balance in different stages of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) remain unknown. METHODS Fourteen patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality of acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACHBLF) from acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B is 30-70 % without liver transplant. METHODS We conducted an open-label, prospective, 48-week study to evaluate the efficacy of entecavir (ETV) in ACHBLF with 110 patients who received either ETV or no treatment. Primary(More)
Mortality from hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is high due to limited treatment options. Preclinical and clinical investigations have proved that treatment with mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) is beneficial for recovery from liver injury. We hypothesized that the outcome of HBV-related ACLF would be improved by MSC(More)