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Gamma-Ray Bursts: Progress, Problems & Prospects
The cosmological gamma-ray burst (GRB) phenomenon is reviewed. The broad observational facts and empirical phenomenological relations of the GRB prompt emission and afterglow are outlined. AExpand
Physical Processes Shaping Gamma-Ray Burst X-Ray Afterglow Light Curves: Theoretical Implications from the Swift X-Ray Telescope Observations
With the successful launch of the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer, a rich trove of early X-ray afterglow data has been collected by its onboard X-Ray Telescope (XRT). Some interesting features areExpand
GAMMA-RAY BURST AFTERGLOW WITH CONTINUOUS ENERGY INJECTION: SIGNATURE OF A HIGHLY MAGNETIZED MILLISECOND PULSAR
We investigate the consequences of a continuously injecting central engine on the gamma-ray burst afterglow emission, focusing more specifically on a highly magnetized millisecond pulsar engine. ForExpand
Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Swift Era
Since the successful launch of NASA's dedicated gamma-ray burst (GRB) mission, Swift, the study of cosmological GRBs has entered a new era. Here I review the rapid observational and theoreticalExpand
The physics of gamma-ray bursts & relativistic jets
Abstract We provide a comprehensive review of major developments in our understanding of gamma-ray bursts, with particular focus on the discoveries made within the last fifteen years when their trueExpand
Low-Luminosity Gamma-Ray Bursts as a Unique Population: Luminosity Function, Local Rate, and Beaming Factor
Swift BAT has detected ~200 long-duration GRBs, with redshift measurements for ~50 of them. We derive the luminosity function (?HL) and the local event rate (?) of the conventional high-luminosityExpand
Gamma-Ray Burst Early Optical Afterglows: Implications for the Initial Lorentz Factor and the Central Engine
Early optical afterglows have been observed from GRB 990123, GRB 021004, and GRB 021211, which reveal rich emission features attributed to reverse shocks. It is expected that Swift will discover manyExpand
The Internal-collision-induced Magnetic Reconnection and Turbulence (ICMART) Model of Gamma-ray Bursts
The recent Fermi observation of GRB 080916C shows that the bright photosphere emission associated with a putative fireball is missing, which suggests that the central engine likely launches aExpand
GRB radiative efficiencies derived from the swift data: GRBs versus XRFs, long versus short
TLDR
The shallow decay component commonly existing in early X-ray afterglows, if interpreted as continuous energy injection in the external shock, suggests that the GRB efficiencies previously derived from the late-time X-rays were not reliable. Expand
Full Polar Cap Cascade Scenario: Gamma-Ray and X-Ray Luminosities from Spin-powered Pulsars
Canonical polar cap cascade models involve curvature radiation (CR) or inverse Compton scattering (ICS) of the primary particles and synchrotron radiation (SR) of the higher generation pairs. Here weExpand
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