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BACKGROUND Biomechanical analysis of stop-jump tasks has demonstrated gender differences during landing and a potential increase in risk of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury for female athletes. Analysis of landing preparation could advance our understanding of neuromuscular control in movement patterns and be applied to the development of(More)
We compared the knee kinetics of 10 male and 10 female recreational athletes (aged 19 to 25 years) performing forward, vertical, and backward stop-jump tasks. Three-dimensional videography and force plate data were used to record the subjects' performance of the three stop-jump tasks, and an inverse dynamic procedure was used to estimate the knee joint(More)
The incidence of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in young to middle-aged athletes remains high. Despite early diagnosis and appropriate operative and nonoperative treatments, posttraumatic degenerative arthritis may develop. In a meeting in Atlanta, Georgia (January 2005), sponsored by the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, a(More)
BACKGROUND Altered motor control strategies in landing and jumping maneuvers are a potential mechanism of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury. There are biomechanical differences between male and female athletes in the landing phase of stop-jump tasks. Fatigue is a risk factor in musculoskeletal injuries. HYPOTHESIS Lower extremity muscle fatigue(More)
BACKGROUND Literature shows that landing with great impact forces may be a risk factor for knee injuries. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among selected lower extremity kinematics and kinetics during the landing of a stop-jump task. METHODS Landmark coordinates and ground reaction forces during a stop-jump task were collected.(More)
In soccer one of the most common knee injuries is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear, which usually occurs through non-contact mechanisms. Female soccer players are at higher risk of sustaining non-contact ACL injuries than male soccer players. A good understanding of ACL loading mechanisms is the basis for a good understanding of the mechanisms of(More)
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, has several well-known physiological functions and has been applied to the production of many drugs and functional foods. The technology of GABA production via submerged fermentation by Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus Y2 was investigated in this(More)
OBJECTIVE Essential amino acids, especially l-leucine, initiate the signaling of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex-1 (mTORC1) and protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. Current information on the relation between amino acid transporter mechanisms and mTORC1 signaling is sparse. The objectives of this study were to determine whether an increase in(More)
The iris is a highly accurate biometric identifier. However widespread adoption is hindered by the difficulty of capturing high-quality iris images with minimal user co-operation. This paper describes a first-generation prototype iris identification system designed for stand-off cooperative access control. This system identifies individuals who stand in(More)