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Using cutting techniques we obtain the two-loop N = 4 super-Yang-Mills helicity amplitudes for four-gluon scattering in terms of scalar integral functions. The N = 4 amplitudes are considerably simpler than corresponding QCD amplitudes and therefore provide a testing ground for exploring two-loop amplitudes. The amplitudes are constructed directly in terms… (More)
This work investigated the cytotoxicities of three silver nanoparticles (SNPs) SNP-5, SNP-20 and SNP-50 with different sizes ( approximately 5 nm, approximately 20 nm and approximately 50 nm) using four human cell models (A549, SGC-7901, HepG2 and MCF-7). Endpoints included cell morphology, cell viability, cellular membrane integrity, oxidative stress and… (More)
Increasing concern has been expressed regarding the potential adverse health effects that may be associated with human exposure to inhaled multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Thus it is imperative that an understanding as to the underlying mechanisms and the identification of the key factors involved in adverse effects are gained. In the alveoli, MWCNTs… (More)
Functionalized carbon nanotubes display unique properties that enable a variety of medicinal applications, including the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, infectious diseases and central nervous system disorders, and applications in tissue engineering. These potential applications are particularly encouraged by their ability to penetrate biological… (More)
We report our findings on cellular membrane penetration, endocytosis, endosomal leakage, and nuclear translocation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Our data is consistent with a working model for MWCNTs' cell uptake and cellular translocations.
OBJECTIVES Insulin-sensitizing drugs (ISDs) have been advocated for the long-term treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It is therefore important to compare the efficacy and safety of ISDs such as metformin and thiazolidinediones (TZDs) for the treatment of this syndrome. METHODS A meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness and safety of metformin… (More)
We have previously reported that when mixed with copper, 8-hydroxyquinoline (8-OHQ) and its analog clioquinol (CQ) inhibited the proteasomal activity and proliferation in cultured human cancer cells. CQ treatment of high-copper-containing human tumor xenografts also caused cancer suppression, associated with proteasome inhibition in vivo. However, the… (More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) cause perturbations in immune systems and limit the application of CNTs in biomedicine. Here we demonstrate that a surface chemistry modification on multiwalled CNTs (MWCNTs) reduces their immune perturbations in mice and in macrophages. The modified MWCNTs change their preferred binding pattern from mannose receptor to scavenger… (More)
An archaeal 16S rRNA gene library was constructed from mangrove soil. Phylogenetic analysis revealed archaea in mangrove soil including the Crenarchaeota (80.4%) and Euryarchaeota (19.6%) phyla. The archaeal community in mangrove soil appears to be a mixture of organisms found in a variety of environments with the majority being of marine origin.
The development of an automated, high-throughput fractionation procedure to prepare and analyze natural product libraries for drug discovery screening is described. Natural products obtained from plant materials worldwide were extracted and first prefractionated on polyamide solid-phase extraction cartridges to remove polyphenols, followed by… (More)