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Strigolactones (SLs) are carotenoid-derived phytohormones that control many aspects of plant development, including shoot branching, leaf shape, stem secondary thickening, and lateral root growth. In rice (Oryza sativa), SL signaling requires the degradation of DWARF53 (D53), mediated by a complex including D14 and D3, but in Arabidopsis thaliana, the(More)
Blackwell Publishing Asia Melbourne, Australia CDD hines Journal of Digestive Diseases 1443-9611 573 : © 2008 The Au ors Journal c mpilati n © 2008 Chine Medical Association Shanghai Branch, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. XXX ons nsus Repo t Di g osis and trea ment of nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases Zeng t al.(More)
*Department of Gastroenterology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and Department of Gastroenterology, Shanghai First People’s Hospital, Shanghai, Liver Research Center, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, Department of Gastroenterology, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang(More)
The phytohormone auxin regulates nearly all aspects of plant growth and development. Tremendous achievements have been made in elucidating the tryptophan (Trp)-dependent auxin biosynthetic pathway; however, the genetic evidence, key components, and functions of the Trp-independent pathway remain elusive. Here we report that the Arabidopsis indole synthase(More)
In mammals, cytosolic sensors retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) activate multiple signaling cascades initiating IFN-α/β expression. IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is required for the activation of IFN-β, which, in turn, primes the expression of most IFN-α genes by IFN-induced IRF7 through the STAT1 pathway. In fish, RIG-I(More)
The plant tryptophan (Trp) biosynthetic pathway produces many secondary metabolites with diverse functions. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), proposed as a derivative from Trp or its precursors, plays an essential role in plant growth and development. Although the Trp-dependant and Trp-independent IAA biosynthetic pathways have been proposed, the enzymes,(More)
Mammalian viperin is a typical interferon (IFN)-induced antiviral protein. Fish have viperin homologs; however, little is known about the expression regulation of fish viperins. In this study, we report the expression regulation and antiviral function of a fish viperin from crucian carp Carassius auratus during IFN response. Crucian carp viperin is induced(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of chemotherapeutic drugs with different pharmacological action has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy in the treatment of cancers. Present study examines the antitumor potential of paclitaxel (PTX) and etoposide (ETP)-loaded PLGA nanoparticles for the treatment of osteosarcoma. RESULTS The resulting drug-loaded PLGA NP(More)
Matrine, a bioactive alkaloid widely used in Chinese medicine, inhibits mouse sperm functions in vitro. In this study, we investigated the reproductive toxicity of matrine to male mice in vivo. C57BL/6J mice were administered with daily doses of 0, 1, 10 and 50mg/kg matrine by intraperitoneal injection for 30 days. The results showed that matrine did not(More)
Ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1), the major effective component of ginseng, has been reported to have potent anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of ginsenoside Rg1 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice was unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the protective role of Rg1 on LPS-induced ALI and explore the(More)